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Activity for James Jenkins

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Comment Post #277165 As pointed out in the first comment under the question, and in my answer, the many of the delta's (two wheels in back) have power only going to one of the back wheels. Also the front back weight distribution is different between tadpoles and deltas.
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1 day ago
Edit Post #277153 Initial revision 3 days ago
Answer A: Towing with a Recumbent Trike, Tadpole or Delta?
After lengthy consideration, I went with the delta. My particular trike has one wheel drive. After the first outing I put a knobby tire on the drive wheel. I have always made sufficient traction to move forward. Yes it is possible to spin the traction tire in some scenarios, it is also possible to...
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3 days ago
Edit Post #277151 Initial revision 3 days ago
Answer A: How many wag bags will the average person use per day?
Several references indicate that average person poops between 3 times per day, to once every 3 days. Any group could average anywhere in that range. Given the unpleasant prospect of re-using a wag bag, I suggest using the higher range of (3 per day) and adding a couple extra just in case. ...
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3 days ago
Comment Post #276934 Charlie, I am not sure this is a good question, the situation is fluid and answers could be outdated in days.
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3 days ago
Edit Post #277150 Initial revision 3 days ago
Answer A: What would minks be looking for next to a seasonal irrigation canal after dark?
You are beginning with a false premise "The irrigation canal has no fish or crawdads in it, because its only full for a short time." > Abstract.—Irrigation canals can be a major source of mortality for fish in the Rocky Mountain region. Our study looked at how fish were affected by the irrigation ...
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3 days ago
Edit Post #277140 Post edited:
3 days ago
Edit Post #277140 Initial revision 3 days ago
Answer A: What is the survival rate for baby cottontail rabbits between spring and winter?
Spring to fall is the breeding season. While they can have a litter every 28 days. The best research I am finding suggests they have 3 to 5 litters per year, with 1 to 8 kits (babies). By some estimates only half of the kits survive to leave the nest. They reach sexual maturity in 3 to 4 month...
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3 days ago
Comment Post #75002 @pnuts yes it does.
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23 days ago
Comment Post #276511 @peter, I edited the post to correct
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about 1 month ago
Edit Post #276511 Post edited:
about 1 month ago
Edit Post #276691 Initial revision about 1 month ago
Answer A: What is the advantage of a running vest instead of a backpack for trail running?
Balance... A vest for a limited amount of stuff, is a quick easy replacement for Combining a Frontpack with a Backpack while hiking
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about 1 month ago
Comment Post #276270 Can we add a link to it in the search screen?
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about 2 months ago
Edit Post #276271 Initial revision about 2 months ago
Answer A: Are there any tricks to get a fish to commit to biting a fly?
In my personal experience: Keep the fly moving. A moving fly is a meal that is about to escape. A fly that is not moving, needs only to be protected from others until you decide if you want it or not.
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about 2 months ago
Edit Post #276269 Initial revision about 2 months ago
Question At what temperature does rain gear become a liability?
At what temperature does rain gear become a liability? If it is a couple of degrees above freezing and you are wearing rain gear to stay dry. It helps keep hypothermia (too cold) away. If the temperature is above body temperature, and you wear rain gear. It is likely to cause hyperthermi...
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about 2 months ago
Edit Post #276268 Initial revision about 2 months ago
Question How to refine search for multiple words?
How to refine search for multiple words? If I search 'Rain' I get 30 groups of answers. https://outdoors.codidact.com/posts/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search=rain If I search 'Rain gear' I get 75 groups of answers. https://outdoors.codidact.com/posts/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search=rain+gear The ad...
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about 2 months ago
Comment Post #276202 It is a community site, based on voting it seems the majority of the current community agree with the decision that one member of the community made. Personally I would not have deleted the comment, but neither would I have added more information in the question. Additionally I had no knowledge abou...
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about 2 months ago
Edit Post #276201 Initial revision about 2 months ago
Answer A: Would an Ursack stop marmots?
No, the Ursack is only bear proof. If you want protection against smaller critters you need the Ursack Allmitey From the company site > No need to choose between bear and critter protection. The Ursack AllMitey protects your food from all creatures great and small. While our standard Major an...
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about 2 months ago
Edit Post #276169 Initial revision about 2 months ago
Question Import new posts from TGO
I know from experience on other codidact sites. That if we provide a list of posts, ArtOfCode can and will import them. I propose that about monthly we use the list at https://outdoors.stackexchange.com/questions?tab=Newest to identify new questions at TGO that we would like to import here. ...
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about 2 months ago
Edit Post #275957 Initial revision about 2 months ago
Question Gear Recommendations
Charlie I saw the new Gear Recommendations my first impression is that I like it. My second thought is that there are probably a lot of post in the primary Q&A that would fit nicely there. Is it an option to migrate appropriate questions from the general Q&A to Gear Recommendations?
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about 2 months ago
Edit Post #275831 Initial revision 2 months ago
Answer A: Advertise Outdoors on The Great Outdoors?
TGO community ads for 2020 need to be posted on meta here https://outdoors.meta.stackexchange.com/questions/1608/community-promotion-ads-2020 I don't have the time or the skills to create the ad. If someone posts it, I will up vote it. If someone wants to create the add but does not want to po...
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2 months ago
Comment Post #275829 I think I addressed your moral concerns in my comments under the answer posted https://outdoors.meta.stackexchange.com/a/1615/4079 SE is a bus, we are the passengers talking about using a different bus company. Some of us still ride the old bus, and the new bus. I am paying my dues to both as are m...
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2 months ago
Comment Post #275781 @olin Ok I cast my vote. I am sorry that you don't like widening the scope.
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2 months ago
Comment Post #275781 I appreciate your answer, and I disagree with it. I don't want to down vote it today as there is no need to pile on down votes it is currently at -1.
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2 months ago
Edit Post #271675 Initial revision 2 months ago
Answer A: Planted cherry tomatoes too close together; can I still recover?
Pinch off (kill) the smaller of the two plants. Leave just the roots and base of the smaller plant. Anything else you do is going to adversely effect the larger/better plant.
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2 months ago
Edit Post #271674 Post edited:
2 months ago
Edit Post #271674 Initial revision 2 months ago
Answer A: Why would a skunk be chasing a human?
The skunk is clearly not angry or afraid. The woman has something the skunk wants and expects to get. Could be food, could be attention. I have a rabbit in my house that follows me just like that when it suits her. Watch the video and pretend it is a cat or dog following her. What do you s...
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2 months ago
Comment Post #75056 @Monica Cellio It is a warm wet, no evaporation so it stays warm. It works for me, it may not work for others. Also for me, because I tend to get dry skin on my hands in the winter, it creates a moist lubricated feel. I think when the moisture gets to a certain point, the sweating stops. So it's ...
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2 months ago
Edit Post #75056 Initial revision 2 months ago
Answer A: How to keep gloves from getting sweaty?
Putting on a snug fitting pair of latex or nitrate gloves on first and then putting the winter gloves on is a good solution. You often see nurses or mechanics wearing these types of gloves to keep their hands free of blood or oil. The are not effective for keeping your hands warm, but they are effect...
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2 months ago
Edit Post #75055 Initial revision 2 months ago
Question How to keep gloves from getting sweaty?
When shoveling snow in the winter, if my gloves are warm enough to keep my hands warm, they tend to sweat and get the gloves wet from the inside out. How can I prevent this?
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2 months ago
Edit Post #75045 Initial revision 2 months ago
Question Adjusting derailleur with bike upside down, is it ok?
I need to adjust the derailleur on my bike, I don't have a bike stand because I am on the bike trail. I have three options for pedaling while adjusting the the derailleur. Turn the bike upside down, balancing on the handlebars and seat. Tip it up on the kick stand Lay it completely on its si...
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2 months ago
Edit Post #75034 Initial revision 2 months ago
Question Towing with a Recumbent Trike, Tadpole or Delta?
I have some experience towing with an upright bike I am considering getting a recumbent trike, as my back side does not last as long as my legs. With an upright bike I automatically move my weight forward, back or center to manage traction. On a trike that would not seem to be an option (have not rid...
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2 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
Edit Post #75031 Initial revision 3 months ago
Answer A: At what point does a solar charger become more efficient weight wise than batteries?
There are a lot of variable's Season: Summer has more sun then other times of the year Direction of travel: The charger needs to face direct sun to be most effective, You can't just put it on you back and leave it there. Cover: More tree cover = Less sun Budget: More efficient solar charger...
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
Comment Post #74987 @artofcode I am back on the original machine today and the problem no longer exists. Not sure what the cause was.
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3 months ago
Edit Post #75010 Initial revision 3 months ago
Answer A: How long does canned chicken repackaged into a ziplock last?
Actually you might want to keep the chicken in the can, and you probably do not want to cook fresh chicken at home and bring it with you. The USDA recommends that cooked chicken at room temperature be eaten with in 2 hours, 1 hour if it is over 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32C). You could potential...
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3 months ago
Edit Post #75002 Initial revision 3 months ago
Question How stay fit enough to make moderately hard rides a couple times a month?
When I have time I like to get my bike and canoe out and do a day trip. Doing a mile or two is not hard but a good day trip is between 8 and 14 miles. When I started at the beginning of the year 6 miles was all I could do before leg muscle fatigue (and butt soreness) did me in. Now at the end of th...
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3 months ago
Comment Post #74959 Why would 'Road racing' be off topic? I don't have any of those, so it does not matter and we are unlikely to get any questions about it in the near future. Just wondering about your reasoning.
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3 months ago
Comment Post #74987 Very strange, I logged on with a different PC using Google Chrome is up to date Version 81.0.4044.138 (Official Build) (64-bit) and am able to vote on the photo page. I am signing off now, and might not be back on line for a while.
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3 months ago
Comment Post #74987 Using Google Chrome is up to date Version 81.0.4044.138 (Official Build) (64-bit)
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3 months ago
Comment Post #74987 Yes ......... chrome://settings/content?search=java ....... Allowed with no blocking.
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3 months ago
Edit Post #74987 Initial revision 3 months ago
Question Bugs on other sites.
I am not able to vote up or down on the question or answer here https://photography.codidact.com/questions/74926 I have a vote history of one vote on that site which is on a meta post. Also I am not able to add a tag to a new meta post at photography or https://meta.codidact.com/ so I was n...
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3 months ago
Edit Post #74986 Initial revision 3 months ago
Answer A: Trailer connection, off the shelf parts and proven performer
I now have over 100 miles towing the canoe with my homemade trailer hitch pictured in the question. A schedule 40 PVC 1 1/4 (or 1 1/2?) to 1 inch connector is used as the hitch, the bike has a quick release for the seat, so loosen the seat pull the post out and center the connector and restore t...
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3 months ago
Edit Post #74985 Initial revision 3 months ago
Question Trailer connection, off the shelf parts and proven performer
I am planning a long bike and canoe trip (bike tows canoe, canoe carries bike and cart), There are a couple of purpose built products for towing a canoe with a bike dumb stick & woody hitch but they each have short comings. There are hub connections used by standard tow a kid trailers, but they are ...
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3 months ago
Edit Post #74976 Initial revision 3 months ago
Question How to build surge brakes on bike trailer?
There are a couple of pretty good answers in How to make a cargo trailer?. After looking at those, at the answer to What are the safety concerns of a high vs a low mount trailer hitch? and doing some other research, it seems that heavy trailers have significant safety issues around braking. All...
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3 months ago
Edit Post #74971 Initial revision 3 months ago
Answer A: What are the safety concerns of a high vs a low mount trailer hitch?
I now have about 100 miles (160 KM) towing my 17 foot canoe behind my bike all of it with the hitch mounted to the seat post. I have been averaging about 5 - 6 miles per hour for distances of up to 15 miles (24 KM) on mostly straight and level trails (rail to trail). There have been occasional t...
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
Edit Post #74970 Initial revision 3 months ago
Question What are the safety concerns of a high vs a low mount trailer hitch?
When you google for images of (canoe & bike) you find two basic solutions to towing a canoe with a bike. 1. A traditional axle mounted tralier is modified to have a tongue long enough to load/support the canoe/kayak on the trailer. 2. A seat post or carrier mounted pole connects to the front ...
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3 months ago
Edit Post #74959 Initial revision 3 months ago
Question bicycles in scope?
I was thinking this morning I might manually migrate over my posts at https://bicycles.stackexchange.com to https://outdoors.codidact.com/ I can't see a reason to exclude any bicycle related questions here, and so migrating these over seems like a reasonable next step. Any thoughts for or aga...
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
Edit Post #74920 Initial revision 3 months ago
Question Do we want to know the visits per page?
Counting page visits is possible, and it is an intricate part of the displayed details on some sites. I was considering asking for it as feature request, but I wonder if that is information we want displayed. The are positives and negatives both to displaying and not displaying the visitor ...
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3 months ago
Edit Post #74917 Initial revision 3 months ago
Question How to find a safe portable 1500 watt heater
I have 20+ year old space heater that is nearing end of life. 120 volt, 1500 watts We use it in the camper when have electric hookup, and need a little extra heat. I started looking online for a replacement, the one I have is not made any more. There are some similar looking ones but the re...
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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Question Boat Septic Pump Out?
I am very familiar with dumping septic holding tanks in a camper on land. I do it regularly and safely, either at the camp ground or at home. I am considering a boat trip on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, which would involve purchasing a boat with a head/toilet. All I know is that is illegal (...
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
Edit Post #74867 Initial revision 3 months ago
Answer A: What causes these big gathering of ants on a sidewalk?
These look like the pavement ant (Tetramorium caespitum)—also known as the sugar ant in parts of North America The are very common in the US, and the photo indicates the are probably having an ant battle. > Although you may see pavement ants during the day, they are most active at night. If you...
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
Comment Post #74815 Sharing the good news with the community https://outdoors.meta.stackexchange.com/questions/1624/photo-contest-starts-again
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3 months ago
Comment Post #74812 P.S. I gave up trying to manual update the links in my answers, it is a lot of work.
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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minor typo
3 months ago
Comment Post #59099 While I agree that manually placed rocks placed for erosion control are an important part of humans attempts at managing rivers, if they are small enough to be tossed, they are not effective at managing erosion.
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3 months ago
Comment Post #74814 Fix Validated, thank you
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
Edit Post #74813 Initial revision 3 months ago
Question Unable to upvote answer
Unable to upvote answer, I am not able to upvote this answer by llogan I tried using the permalink for the question, still not able to vote the question up or down. https://outdoors.codidact.com/questions/57040#answer-57050 I was/am able to vote for other answers on that question as well ...
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3 months ago
Edit Post #74812 Initial revision 3 months ago
Question Relink local questions?
I am going through my answers that migrated over. Many of them have links to posts on TGO.SE. I have been manually editing them to point to the post here. Is it possible or desirable to automate editing links in posts from tgo.se to outdoors.codidact
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
Comment Post #60002 Not sure this is a good answer, can you imagine caring that on a backpack? Plus the much bigger tent required to set it up in.
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3 months ago
Comment Post #50078 You do know that day and night can last 3 months at the north pole, right? and that the question is what is the best time of year to find the north pole? And possibly also that the pole stars are only approximately over the pole –
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3 months ago
Comment Post #51535 Do you have any references to support the 357 not being designed to fire 38 rounds? Both existing answers differ significantly from your answer.
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
Comment Post #54655 I have been to the area I know that Open Canoes are prohibited or impractical from Ohiopyle and down to Connellsville I have seen a a couple white water canoes on the loop, but they are strictly one person boats. I don't think I have ever seen a tandem kayak on the loop. Do you have any references we...
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3 months ago
Comment Post #74785 @charlie I concur, not planning to list any more. in the code, ensure that we don't delete the one with answers, and leave the one without.
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3 months ago
Comment Post #58901 I find it difficult to imaging raising the sail of sunfish in the middle of the lake. First the goose neck tends to bind to the mast, so normally it needs to be manually lifted when raising the sail. With a little of bit of wind this can be challenging even when standing next to the boat in knee deep...
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3 months ago
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3 months ago
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Edit Post #74785 Initial revision 3 months ago
Question Duplicate posts:
Duplicate posts: Both of these links to go the same content "Is it possible to make a slingshot from "Natural" resources?" https://outdoors.codidact.com/questions/58490 https://outdoors.codidact.com/questions/39637 Second example "Is fish tickling a reliable survival skill?" https...
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3 months ago
Edit Post #74784 Initial revision 3 months ago
Question Dead links for questions.
I am going through my imported posts and voting on answers. Some of them are giving me this message. This occurred with Google Chrome, right click open in new window. In the first example I also tried to open the link with a different browser, Edge Chromium, same result. As I go through, if I ...
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3 months ago
Comment Post #74762 @monica, for claiming ownership, how long is "Results might take some time" I followed the directions on Friday, more then 48 hours ago. It does not look like like it has completed yet. I no longer see the import button so I can't try it again. Of note, I did add some words to my profile after cli...
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3 months ago
Comment Post #74763 I don't chat, but I am sure others will appreciate it.
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4 months ago
Answer A: Why are American ski resorts so expensive?
Because enough people pay this price for the resort to stay in business. Sister site What Creates the Price in the First Place supply and demand depend on a whole range of (hypothetical) prices. However, the equilibrium price (which is a certain price and different from the range of potential ...
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6 months ago
Answer A: Is there a more accurate way to gauge the fuel level on my ski boat?
I am not familiar with your specific boat. In most cases the reason the needle is moving is because the float in the fuel tank is moving as the fuel sloshes back and forth in the tank. Changing to a digital readout is not going to give you more specific information. See this related article. H...
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6 months ago
Answer A: Do animal trails have switchbacks?
Do animal trails use switchbacks? = No How do you prove a negative? You can't, but consider the alternate question; "Why would an animal trail use a switch back?" Goat climbing cliffs maybe, but that is not so much of a trail as a search for good ledges All other trails are made by herbivores tr...
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6 months ago
Answer A: What's the best way to preserve a skull, without bleaching?
I like the answer by @fgysin and agree that is the current condition, soap and water is all you need. If there there was still meat on the bone AND if you live out in country, take the skull to an ant nest and let them clean the meat off. Leave the skull next to the nest for a few weeks until it ...
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7 months ago
Answer A: Keeping a backpack from being stolen whilst sleeping in a tent
There are many variables, with weight and budget. But given this sentence in your question slept with my backpack wedged uncomfortably beside me due to limited room in a fully manned tent I assume you are in either a one or two person tent, with the rated number of users. Consider upgrading ...
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7 months ago
Answer A: Nails in an emergency/survival kit
If I was considering nails for my survival kit, I think I would probably upgrade to a hand drill instead. Metal nails are use once and gone, a drill and a knife will make an unlimited supply of holes and wood fasteners. Keep in mind survival is either short term stationary or it is mobile. A...
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8 months ago
Answer A: Which is more dangerous, icy roads or icy roads with snow on top?
The roads are not the danger, the drivers on the road are the danger! Think about your question inversely (antonym); "Which is safer, icy roads or icy roads with snow on top?" It is not the presence or lack of ice/snow that creates the danger/safety, it is how the driver responds to the presence of...
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9 months ago
Answer A: Camping site suggestions
There are no places in the US that meet your two criteria. Gathering firewood is banded in most campgrounds. As seen in the related post, you can gather firewood in some very secluded locations, which will mostly exclude beach access. Dispersed camping allowing gathered wood fires within 5 hou...
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9 months ago
Question How to waterproof leather gloves & mittens?
I have leather gloves and mittens and I want to waterproof them. I usually use mink oil on my leather boots to condition and seal them, Can I do the same for gloves and mittens or should I use something else?
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9 months ago
Answer A: If I kill a deer how long can the body last before preserving?
There is not a single "right" answer to this question. The body can last for much longer then you are willing to eat from it. As a rule of thumb, maggots can start to appear within about 24 hours of the first fly landing on the body. If this causes you to stop eating, is a matter of how hungry you...
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10 months ago
Question Where did all the stink bugs go?
I live near Pittsburgh PA, and I just saw a stink bug, possibly the first one I have seen all year. In the last couple of years they have been a major pest. Now they seem to be mostly gone. Where did all the stink bugs go?
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10 months ago
Answer A: Equipment for driving off road in the Northeast United States
I talk a little about the different kinds of 4x4 vehicles in my answer to this question you don't say what type of vehicle you have, make sure the terrain you want to cross and your vehicle are comptable. If you get in trouble you may be a long way from anyone, see This answer for some considerat...
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10 months ago
Answer A: Hiking with goats?
A few decades ago, I raised Saanens goats as part of a small farm. I also liked to hike. I did some research and found that 'pack goats' where in use in some places. The have a number of positive attributes that make them a good choice. I have actually had them on the trail a few times They eat...
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11 months ago
Answer A: Hiking with a mule or two?
If you are too old and out of shape to hike alone, you are too old and out of shape to take care of a mule or two alone. Animal care is a 24/7/365 job, hiking is a hobby that occurs when you are in the mood and the weather meets your fancy. Unless you are already hiking on trails, that allow equin...
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11 months ago
Answer A: Keeping your butt dry in a kayak
Answering my own question based on recent experience. As Aravona says in their comment many have drain holes in the seat area. I bought a sit on top, kayak with drain holes in the seat. I took it to the lake and, put it in the water at the dock. I weigh about 180 pounds, and the kayak is rated at...
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11 months ago
Answer A: Can I use a Canoe Paddle with a Kayak?
Answering my own question based on recent experience. I went and bought an inexpensive Sit On Top kayak, and took it to the lake with my shortest canoe paddle. Lessons learned. Yes you can, it is slower then you might expect though Kayaks are much more responsive than canoes, If you give a big st...
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11 months ago
Answer A: Can you train wild deer to get "used to" your scent before the hunting season
This is not going to be effective. You and your 3 week old shirt are going to smell different. The shirt smells like you, but it ages, when the deer smell the live you, they will know that that person who left his shirt is back. Also you may be surprised on opening day, how many other hunters t...
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11 months ago
Answer A: Looking up fish species by body of water and vice versa
In the US, get a fishing license, it should come with a book that describes the kind of fish you are allowed to catch and the ones that must be released. It will have fairly comprehensive listing of which fish are in which bodies of water. It should include good quality illustrations of the fish ...
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11 months ago
Answer A: Most practical knots for hitching a line to an object while keeping the bitter end as tight as possible, without sag?
I use a truckers hitch it is easy to make and create and pull tight. It is not difficult to untie but does stay in place well. It is a great knot when you need to cinch something down. Image source https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:TruckersHitchUsingAlpineButterfly2.jpg
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12 months ago
Answer A: Sleeping solo in a double sleeping bag
In my experience, most standard single sleeping bags, are built so you can zipper them together to make a double. They are designed to zipper to an identical/matched bag, so don't count on buying to different bags and have them work together. Instead of buying a dedicated double bag, buy a matched...
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12 months ago
Question Keeping your butt dry in a kayak
I have started looking at sit on top kayaks. Several have looked promising. Though I just realized, in most of them the lowest point in the boat is where your butt goes. I normally travel in a canoe and any extra water can mostly be bailed out and the remaining is just at your feet. So if I have a s...
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12 months ago
Answer A: Is it safe to carry propane gas cylinder in minivan?
A 20lb Propane tank can be safely transported in your mini van. It can also be transported unsafely. Safely: up right, secured, ventilated, kept cool Unsafely: on its side, not tied down, un-ventilated, allowed to get warm The key is to keep it secured, upright, cool and ventilated. The problem ...
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12 months ago
Question What percentage of campground outlets are GFCI or RCD protected?
A recent answer said: Any mains electric (100-240V) going to a tent needs to be GFCI-protected (Europe: RCD) since you will be mixing electricity and water in close quarters. Source I know I have been camping since before GFCI/RCD have been required in houses. I got wondering what percentage o...
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about 1 year ago
Answer A: Backpacking with incontinence
You do not mention your gender, but if you are male and incontinence is urinary only: Consider a "Male External Condom Catheter" or 'Texas Catheter', the volume of required supplies is much lower than diaper type incontinence products, it will also last much longer before needing to be addressed. W...
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about 1 year ago
Question What to consider when choosing between rigid and inflatable stand up paddle boards?
Stand Up Paddleboards (SUP) come in both inflatable and rigid. What should I consider when choosing between the two styles?
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about 1 year ago
Answer A: Will beginner notice a difference between lower and higher middle-end stand up paddle boards?
If you goal is muscle exercise, a stand up paddle board may not be the best choice. I stand up and paddle all the time in my 17 foot coleman canoe. I use the same 5 foot paddle sitting or standing. When standing the physics of applying pressure to the water with the paddle means you can not appl...
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about 1 year ago
Answer A: How to remove butter stain from raincoat?
You already washed it, so it is probably not as waterproof as it was new. If the pores/fabric are open enough to trap butter and keep it through a wash with dish soap. you have two options. Buy a new one, this one is unlikely to be an effective rain barrier. Rub cinnamon into the area with the ...
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about 1 year ago
Answer A: How do I make and test a radar-reflecting hat?
Your question implies that having a radar reflecting hat is somehow going to prevent you getting hit by a large ship that is using radar. This is at best wishful thinking. In most cases human powered boats have the right of way, except in narrow channels. A vessel of less than 20 meters in leng...
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about 1 year ago
Answer A: How to escape a cave in an emergency situation?
Get lucky If you don't know where the exit is, getting out of a cave is a matter of luck. If you have watched T.V. you have seen people using a flame to check for a breeze, but in reality, there is no guarantee that one way or the other will lead to an exit you can use. You might follow the water,...
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about 1 year ago
Answer A: Is it OK to throw pebbles and stones in streams, waterfalls, ponds, etc.?
Nature is not static, it is always in motion. Let's look at two extremes. A small pothole full of water on the trail can be completely filled with a couple of handfuls of gravel. Expand this to a small pond at a park and have daily visitors tossing gravel from the path in to the pond, and soon th...
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about 1 year ago
Answer A: Why would one type of 22lr ammo be louder than another?
Assuming both the 40 and 60 grain are actually subsonic (the projectile does not break the sound barrier) and both have similar muzzle velocities, you should expect the 60 grain to be louder. It takes more energy (gun powder) to get the heavier 60 grain projectile to the same speed as the lighter ...
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about 1 year ago
Answer A: Why does a fox defecate on my patio, which I use as a feeding station for critters?
Stop removing the poop. If you are tired of removing it think how the fox feels about having to replace it! The fox is marking their territory and you keep removing the marks. Per your updated answer you are fine with sharing the patio with the fox. Let the fox know it as well, leave the poop. ...
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about 1 year ago
Answer A: Why would a Rocky Mountain Goat be making scrapes in the ground?
Because they like it. It feels good, so they do it. Many mammals roll in sand or dirt, presumably to keep parasites away or to help dry themselves after exercise or becoming wet. A sand roll, which is a stall or yard covered with deep sand, is traditionally included as part of stable complexes...
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about 1 year ago
Answer A: How to heal a flapper quickly
Super Glue... Instead of cutting the flap of skin off, glue it back down with super glue. There is a plethora of blog posts about it. There are specific formulias for medical usage For your first aid kit: 2-Octyl-cyanoacrylate Dermabond SurgiSeal N-2-butyl-cyanoacryla...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Are there statistics on how often CPR on someone who has been struck by lighting works?
This is a partial answer, without the requested statistics. Lighting strikes can disrupt the normal electrical signals in the heart. See Cardiac Effects Of Lightning Strikes Assuming that no other life threatening physical trauma has occurred, CPR can maintain oxygen flow until the heart restarts...
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over 1 year ago
Question Leak proof ice container, for RV fridge
I have a propane/120 volt refrigerator/freezer in my camper. For safety reasons I turn off the propane when moving. I keep the freezer section mostly full of the blue ice containers, which keeps things cool, for short trips (24hours) between electrical connections. It becomes ineffective for longe...
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over 1 year ago
Question Is it possible to make a slingshot from "Natural" resources?
According to Wikipedia, slingshots did not exist prior to the invention of vulcanized rubber. Slingshots depend on strong elastic materials, typically vulcanized natural rubber or the equivalent, and thus date no earlier than the invention of vulcanized rubber by Charles Goodyear in 1839 (patente...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Why would cottontail rabbits be hanging out in a gravel parking lot?
I have pet house rabbits living in my house and getting on my bed in my experience they prefer harder areas with good traction for resting. Floors are better than beds, carpet is better than hardwood or tile. I would expect that when you see these rabbits, they have all four feet under them. Read...
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over 1 year ago
Question What to look for in a portable generator?
While shopping for a portable generator I noticed that some very similar seeming generators, have drastically different prices. Presumably there is something besides a brand name that makes a 1000 watt generator twice (or more) expensive then a similar 1000 watt generator. What are the difference...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Portable power generator ballpark fuel consumption
Generator run time per gallon varies greatly by manufacture. Just like gas mileage varies per vehicle. Not all small 4 seat cars, driving the speed limit get the same gas mileage, even though they are doing the same work. Most manufactures include run time per tank or gallon in their literature....
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Mountaineering trousers with short legs
Look in the women's section of your favorite clothing supplier. The average woman is shorter than the average man, which means there are often smaller sizes in these selections. They also have some options that are not available in mens clothes. Unfortunately Women's clothes often have small po...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Activities at the campsite
There are some good ideas in the existing answer. We camp all over the US, and almost never in the same campground twice. We camp because we travel with pets. Our camp is our mobile homebase. Because the best tent sites are always taken by locals who know the best sites. We have upgraded to a sm...
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over 1 year ago
Question How to find natural salt licks?
There are a number of places where salt can easily be found at or near the surface. Notably Salt Lake Utah, but there are also other Salt lick places of note. How would I recognize a natural salt lick if I saw one? Would I need to just stumble across one, or are there signs that will lead to o...
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over 1 year ago
Question Salt Vs Smoke as a preservative
A recent question about travelling with dried food where the recipe did not include salt caused the OP some concern. As far as I know salt just dries out food. So if you get the food completely dry with out salt, salt is not needed. Salting is used because most bacteria, fungi and other potenti...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Flat bottom boat trolling motor power
I found a couple of references. This one has a chart that says the minimum thrust for a 12 foot boat is 30lb, it says 50lb for 17 foot boat, and 101lb for a 22 foot boat. This speedboat artcle says, you should have at least 20 Horse Power for your 800 pound boat. The rule of thumb is ...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Driving in Alaska - Antispray device
I used to live in Washington state. There are similar regulations there. As Charlie says in his comment this is "legalese for mud flaps" For passenger cars it is integral to the cars design. Think about a logging truck or semi without a trailer. All those large tires (eight+) on a wet rainy and/o...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: What is the best way to cross a wide river in winter?
Regardless of the water temperature, trying to swim across a river after an earthquake that brought down a bridge is a probably not a good choice. Underground septic and sewer systems will be damaged, likely contaminating the river for hours to days. Commercial storage facilities for fuel and chemi...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: How do you wave off a search and rescue helicopter?
Ignore the helicopter and it will go away. There are some existing answers about signals you don't know already, and most people are unlikely to remember should the need arise. Trying to use a signal your are not fluent in, is not going to be helpful. Search and rescue helicopters are looking for...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: How do you refill your alcohol stove while it's burning?
You don't, adding liquid fuel to stove with a live flame is never recommended. Related meta post Do we want a post notice for questions where people are using equipment in ways that are clearly incorrect or dangerous? Believing the stove to be out of fuel, she tried to pour more denatured alcoh...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Treated wood for a trailer bunk for pontoon boat
I believe your question begins with a false premise, that using treated wood has some advantage and one possible negative on a boat trailer. It is true that that wood treatments will interact badly with some metals. But also consider, there is not much wood on a boat trailer. Any untreated wood...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: How do you deal with blackberry bushes on the west coast when bushwhacking?
Going around is the best solution. You can wack your way through with a machete, but it is not easier. The vines are really long, you would need to cut a tunnel, where you cut both ends, it is a lot of work. When you cut them, you are cutting a long fairly stable thorn covered vine, it becomes two...
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over 1 year ago
Question When to plant a potted live Christmas tree?
We purchased a small potted live Christmas tree. We want to plant it outside. The ground is not frozen, can we plant it the day after Christmas or do we need to wait until spring? Each year millions of trees are killed for this winter holiday, we are trying to restore life not take it.
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Does listening with an ear to the ground actually work?
If there is a herd of buffalo you will hear them sooner by listening at the ground, then in the air. BUT only if there is lot of them, making a large impact. A single animal or even a few is unlikely to have enough energy to transfer sound any distance in the earth. In a solid, the particles a...
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over 1 year ago
Question Is a flare a good fire starting tool?
We have a couple of questions showing that in dry times a flare can start forest fires. Is there a safer way to use a flare in a wooded area? What is the risk of starting a forest or wildland fire with a flare gun? Most flares will start easily when wet and even burn underwater. So would seem a ...
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over 1 year ago
Question Is burning cow pies (dried cow manure) safe?
Is it safe to cook and or heat using "cow chips"? Cow dung, also known as cow pats, cow pies or cow manure is and has been used to fuel fires where firewood is not available. Ruminant manure constituted an important factor in American settlement on the Plains, providing fuel for heat and cooking ...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Different woods and how they burn/what if we are unsure of the wood?
Question said: Hazel burns well, but Alder tends not to burn so well Good and well very based on many variables... As a solid fuel, Alder kiln dried logs are a good choice. However, because the tree grows quickly this means that it’s often not as dense as more popular firewoods, but...
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over 1 year ago
Question Should I travel through freezing areas with hot or cold water in my RV tank?
This question is specific to the hot water tank in an RV. In my case it is 6 gallons, propane heated and insulated with the only exterior contact the access panel, as seen in most standard RV's in the US. Hard as it is to believe hot water can actually freeze faster than cold water. How it happens ...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: When should I report a potentially injured-looking animal to authorities in a large, monitored, wildlife area?
There are two very good and accurate answers existing here, by Kerri & not disregarding their points at all. If you wonder if you should contact someone, do it! Calling with information gives the authority the option to make the decision. You should never physically interact with the anima...
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over 1 year ago
Question What is the feed/day limit for various pack animals?
Wikipedia lists these common pack animals Camel Yak Reindeer Goats Water buffaloes Llama Equines including horses, donkeys, and mules Dogs (packing and sledding should have different values) Each animal has a weight it can carry normally described as a percent of its body weight, and food requir...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Trekking with a donkey
Trekking with a pack animal is not something to be undertaken lightly. If it is private property the land owner will define requirements and likely provide the animal, usually with a guide/handler. If it is public property, there are rules that very drastically by location. But in general. U...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: How should I manage my woods to attract more deer?
A bit of googling seems to indicate that Michigan has the second largest deep population in the US at around 1.7 million. There is about one deer for every 5 or 6 people in Michigan. The chances that there is really only a single deer visiting your property is very low. You might have only seen ...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Finding out if a road is paved or not
Answer for the OP: You live in Austria and you drive a Nissan Qashqai. There are no unpaved roads in Austria, your vehicle is not appropriate for 4x4 Trails. Roads, paved (% of total roads) in Austria was reported at 100 % in 2009, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: What are those other three holes in the boat's transom?
Based on the information available in your current question. There should be hoses attached to the three 'holes' you don't regularly plug. Inspect all the hoses from all the 'holes', repair or replace as needed. One of the 'holes' should be where the bilge pump ejects water. The other two 'holes...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Is Salmon caught in the seawater or freshwater? Which is the preferred way, and the most ecological way?
which is the best moment in order not to endanger the species? Pacific salmon only spawn once in their life. At the point when they have spawned they are generally not considered eatable. There is no moment to catch them and "not to endanger the species" Salmon change color to attrac...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Single walled plastic vs vacuum insulated water bottle for hiking and everyday use
You have 3 scenarios for usage Everyday (going from home to work and back) Backpacking Exercise None of these have any reasonable need for vacuum insulation. A vacuum flask (also known as a Dewar flask, Dewar bottle or thermos) is an insulating storage vessel that greatly lengthens the time o...
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over 1 year ago
Answer A: Best practices for physical and inventory management of a ready pack/bug out bag
You are overthinking this. First: The dates on food, don't mean they are expired, they are the date the manufacture wants to you buy a new one if you haven't eaten it yet. Are Dates for Food Safety or Quality? Manufacturers provide dating to help consumers and retailers decide when food is...
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over 1 year ago
Question How would one person control two canoes?
I am planning an adventure, and realized that while I will have one able bodied paddler, I will likely have two canoes of load. In thinking about it, I have imagined several scenarios where this might come up, so presumably there are proven solutions. My google search was not productive though. Th...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: What is this protrusion on the bottom of the sailboat?
It used to be the direct discharge for the head into the water. Here is a blog about a boat similar to yours, asking if it is illegal It was not unusual in the era of your boats manufacture to discharge raw sewage into the water. Legality varies, but currently it is NOT a popular choice. Addin...
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almost 2 years ago
Question What is the longest dead end road on US public land?
In this answer at; I am lost, I found a trail, which way do I go? It claims ...logging roads These may extend many miles into the forest, with multiple branches, all ending in dead ends. There can be 10's or 100s of miles (or kilometers) of roads. If I am hiking on public land in the US, and ...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: I am lost, I found a trail, which way do I go?
There are some good answers about trails that I am not going to expand on. For roads that are not heavily used like logging roads These may extend many miles into the forest, with multiple branches, all ending in dead ends. There can be 10's or 100s of miles (or kilometers) of roads. Often there...
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almost 2 years ago
Question I am lost, I found a trail, which way do I go?
If I am lost in the woods, and I find a trail or a road, how do I decide which way to go? Autumn Veatch was 16 years old in 2015, when her grandparents small plane crashed in the North Cascade Mountains. It was two days of hiking before she found a trail. Just ahead, spanning the small river i...
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almost 2 years ago
Question How predictable are the doldrums?
There have been a few Atlantic and Pacific row boat crossings. Poor weather is a significant risk. While it might be nice to row with the wind at your aft (back of boat), it might also be nice to have calm water and no wind for the entire trip. Assuming you have enough food can the doldrums be pred...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: What are some tips to setting up a refuge if I am lost in the woods
If your lost for days, setting up a refuge is the last thing you want to do. People make themselves a camp and sit there and die. Her cell phone couldn’t get a signal. Instead of continuing to hike she stayed put. For 26 days she wrote in a journal until she died quietly of exposure and s...
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almost 2 years ago
Question What are the shortest and longest crossing points of the Atlantic?
Inspired by a recent question. If I want to cross the Atlantic Ocean in a boat, what are the shortest and longest possible crossing sites? Where crossing = going from one continent to another where there is no land bridge (i.e. You can walk from North America to South America) I first thought abo...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: How necessary it is to have an SUV with AWD for trailheads in Collegiate Peaks, Upper Ark River Valley?
AWD (All Wheel Drive) is available in many small cars and 'cross over' vehicles. You don't need to choose an SUV to have it. Note that Four Wheel Drive (4WD or 4X4) is different then AWD. If you don't know which you need, than choose AWD. (Why would be a separate question and answer) Think of it l...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: How to avoid getting wet when exiting a canoe onto shore?
Getting out is not the hard part. It is getting in and going again without getting wet. To get out: If the beach is large enough come in sideways, lean away from shore to as you beach. when the canoe touches bottom on the shore. sit upright and you should be well grounded and close enough to step...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: In a survival situation is it actually efficient to eat edible plants?
There are a couple of long quality answers. This is the short simple version. There are either berries or not, if there are berries, and you know they are safe, eat them. If your sitting and waiting to be rescued, you might as well spend your time eating the nearby berries if they are there. There...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: Will a Sunfish mast and rigging fit any other dinghy models?
You don't need a 'bonafide sunfish hull', but there is not a lot of standardization across manufactures for small sail craft. Many parts are custom built for each make/model. Different boats require different amounts of sail, for most sunfish style boats the amount of sail should be fine. The iss...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: Coleman Propane Stove not staying lit
I am guessing the OP either found the problem or bought a new stove, as this question is a couple months old. The most common (in my experience) cause is the collection of dust and/or bugs in the gas tubes and burners. When the propane bottle is full it has slightly more pressure and can overcome d...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: Can I preserve a freshly caught fish with a soft bag cooler?
If you are going with a cooler in your scenario, I would get a soft sided cooler with wheels Random Example on Amazon I have one at home that folds up nicely, the example I used has a hard insert. I would keep the fish alive as long as possible, related: How long can fresh water fish live on a strin...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: How reliably can you assess the condition of a reverse-osmosis desalinator?
You can test it at home. Make you own salt water by adding 35grams of salt to a liter of water. Desalinate the water to a new container, and measure the salinity with a hydrometer. one of lots of google hits, as example You should also be able to taste the difference. Be aware there could st...
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almost 2 years ago
Question How to recognize an ocean desert from the surface?
There are large areas of the ocean that are essentially lifeless, often called ocean deserts. If I am traveling the ocean, and not familiar with potential sea life in the area, can I tell from clues on the surface that I am in an Ocean Desert? If I need special instruments to identify an Ocean De...
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almost 2 years ago
Question When fishing in the Ocean off the US coast, at what point do fishing laws stop?
If you are fishing in the ocean off the United States Coast. At what distance from shore do US fishing laws no longer apply? The US Coast Guard listes, boundaries at 12, 24 and 200 Miles. Maritime limits and boundaries for the United States are measured from the official U.S. baseline, recogni...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: How much fish can a saltwater angler catch per day?
First there are legal limits, these vary by species and the legal body with control over the body of water. Second physical (without regard for the law) catch limits are boundless. The right bait and tackle in the correct area, you could catch multiple fish, each weighing hundreds of pounds each. I...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: What is the life expectancy of Propane/CO detector?
I ordered the new detector linked in the question, when it arrived I read the directions and learned about the 30 day reset window for end of life. Question says: The Propane/CO detector in my camper started going off randomly a few weeks ago. I thought it was from some random issue that I had c...
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almost 2 years ago
Question Portable desalination hand pump filter life?
I was looking into portable desalination hand pumps. and I found this one one Amazon for $959 it says the Katadyn Survivor 06 is the world's smallest hand-operated desalinator and can easily fit into an emergency kit. It removes bacteria, viruses and other contaminants, and can make 1 ounce of dr...
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almost 2 years ago
Question Can I get fresh water from ocean plants?
In the answer to Can I get fresh water from ocean fish flesh? I learned that the water I can get from eating fish has a low enough salt content that it will hydrate me, BUT the high protein count will cause increased urination to purge urea and leave me dehydrated. Many land animals get all or most...
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almost 2 years ago
Question Can I get fresh water from ocean fish flesh?
Ocean water has about 35 Grams of salt per liter. For the human body salt content in body fluids is about 9 Grams per liter. See related question How much sea water can I safely drink? While it is best that your fresh water only contain very trace amounts of salt, water that is equal or less than ...
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almost 2 years ago
Question What do the numbers on a sail boats sail represent?
Many but not all sailboats have numbers displayed on their sail, what do those numbers mean? I am looking for a general answer, not one specific to the random example image below. example image from recent question
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: Does "Ice Sailing" Count as Boating?
Unlike driving, with boating there are not a lot of regulations that will get you in trouble with the authorities. Number 1, would be a launch permit. This varies by body of water, but essentially this is permission to move your craft between the public road to the public body of water across a pie...
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almost 2 years ago
Question Can I eat Rabbit Poop?
I know that rabbits eat their droppings (cecotropes) and I have heard of feeding rabbit droppings to pigs. Rabbits are vegetarians. There droppings do not have the same consistency or negative secondary factors as carnivores or omnivores (i.e. people, dogs, cats, etc). In essence rabbit poop is part...
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almost 2 years ago
Question What is the life expectancy of Propane/CO detector?
NOTE the following is while the camper is unoccupied and stored in my back yard. The Propane/CO detector in my camper started going off randomly a few weeks ago. I thought it was from some random issue that I had caused invertably. I pushed reset and everything was fine for a while. Then a couple t...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: How can I carry my compound bow in a backpack without showing any parts of it?
How can I carry my compound bow in a backpack without showing any parts of it? You can't There are a couple of good answers suggesting alternatives, and a comment or two about hazards, of these choices. But you can purchase a TV Moving Box, online or from the local moving company and truck re...
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almost 2 years ago
Question Are there Takedown Compound Bows?
A recent question got me wondering if there are Takedown Compound Bows. I Googled around and found several longbows, (recurves, etc) that can be taken down for travel. But I did not find any compound bows. Are there Takedown Compound Bows?
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almost 2 years ago
Question Can you start a wood fire with a Spark Bunsen Burner/Laboratory Lighter?
Someone suggested using a Safety Spark Bunsen Burner/Laboratory Lighter with 5 Flints to start tinder for an emergency fire. I don't currently own one so can't try it. I have used them to light flammable gases and they are great for that. Logistically I am not sure they would work well to light ti...
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almost 2 years ago
Question Start a fire with nail clippers?
My inexpensive nail clippers are chrome plated steel. All the keys on my key ring are brass or some other non-ferrous metal (I checked with a magnet). The nail clippers have that small nail file built in. I have read a few blog posts that talk about using a nail file as the steel for starting a fi...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: Internal (unseen) damage from a 40ft climbing fall
A mostly non-medical answer. If you live in the United States (US) and you have health insurance. You can be relatively sure that the medical and legal communities both agree there there is very little risk of significant medical issues requiring more testing, then you are recieving. Google 'm...
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almost 2 years ago
Question Start a fire with key fob battery?
We know that you can start a fire with a battery. the better prepared you are the easier it is going to be. I am not prepared and all I have in my pockets is my car keys, which includes a keyless entry fob that has a '3v Lithium Coin Cell Battery' is it possible to start a fire with this battery? ...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: What are these small corroded canisters on top of a mountain in Nevada?
I think the answer by mmcc is mostly correct. They are probably parts of an old electrical device battery. But the round case is not steel. Steel (ferrous metals) rust (oxidize) like the narrow strap with a rusty brown color. Non-ferrous metals oxidize in different ways. The green inside is a typi...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: What Is the name of the supervolcano or earthquake epicenter at Yellowstone National Park?
Other answers address the name part of your question, here I just speak about the location. It is going to occur in what is now Yellowstone National Park. CUBIC MILES of Earth will ejected "the volume of deposits for that eruption is greater than 1,000 cubic kilometers (240 cubic miles)", this is H...
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almost 2 years ago
Question How to keep your fingernail clippers together?
Fingernail clippers are super helpful in outdoor situations. This is my number one always in my pocket survival tool. But they have a tendency to come apart, there are even videos showing how to put them back together, all to often when the come apart the little pin gets lost and I need to purchase ...
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almost 2 years ago
Question What top 10 items did the teams on the TV survival show Alone most frequently choose?
This a question about the outdoor survival show Alone. The teams are allowed to choose 10 items from a list of 40. Currently season 5 has aired as of this writing, I have never seen the show, but wonder what items that teams most often choose to bring, from the list of 40?
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almost 2 years ago
Question Portable canopy leg weights, how heavy?
I was at an event this weekend and noticed that many of the portable canopies had weights on the legs. My Canopy has stakes and rope tie downs, but often the soil is not appropriate for these (to hard or soft). Adding leg weights to my camping supplies seems like it might be a good idea. I google...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: Suvival: logs/wood, split or not to split?
TL:DR Other than what splitting is required for making kindling, there is little benefit to splitting wood in most short term survival situations. Stealth A several of the points in your question, are about stealth and remaining undiscovered. As ab2 say's 'Splitting logs takes energy" that energy ...
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almost 2 years ago
Question What is the difference between a Canoe and a Kayak?
Canoes and Kayaks have a lot in common, and for the most part I can look and say that is a Canoe and that is a Kayak. But I have been seeing some vessels that blur the line between them. It seems there is a newer category of canoe kayak hybrid. Is there something that makes a Canoe stop being an...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: What are the immediate causes of the large forest fires that have ravaged the US and Canada over the past several years?
One of the significant causes of fires being major or large is fire suppression. The initial cause of the fire is incidental. They are major because the amount of fuel available is high. Forest fires are natural events, forest evolution grew to depend on them happening at intervals and being allow...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: What are the navigation considerations on the Youghiogheny, Casselman & Potomac Rivers between Ohiopyle (PA) and Cumberland, MD
This answer is a work in progress This answer is focused to a bike and canoe combination. Only legs I have traveled by bike and/or canoe are listed. No Warranty on the information is implied here, it represents my findings at the time each piece was written. The bike trail is generally rails to tra...
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almost 2 years ago
Question What species of bear are most and least dangerous to humans?
Excluding hybrids it seems like there are eight species of bears. Which are most and least likely to injure or kill a human? Related Do black, brown/grizzly or polar bears ever prey on humans? Related Is any subspecies of black bear more -- or less -- aggressive than another?
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: How to deal with changing clothing which was used while cooking as not to attract a bears?
I suspect but have not found supporting references yet, that to a bear you smell more like a person then you do the food you are cooking. General cooking smells are not going to make a bear anymore likely to want to get close to you then, any other time. In some areas where there are high bear popul...
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almost 2 years ago
Question How common are tandem kayaks?
A recent comment said: For kayak I’d say “usually 1-2 person” as tandem kayaks are very common. 3 person kayaks are rare but not unheard of, example Pamlico 160T has a third mini-seat for a child. When I am traveling on the local bike trails and rivers I about see the same number of tandem bike...
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almost 2 years ago
Question In the US is it legal to travel on any river/creek my canoe will navigate?
I have always assumed that if my Canoe will float, and the waterway ultimately reaches an ocean it is legal to travel on. I looked around for documents that said it clearly one way or the other. Surprisingly I did not find anything helpful in this Wikipedia Article Water law in the United States I...
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almost 2 years ago
Question Is fish tickling a reliable survival skill?
The practice of tickling fish in an attempt catch and eat them has a long history, and is often mentioned in passing in some circles. If I was going to focus building a single skill, I wonder if making nets or hooks and line from native material might be a better choice. In reality is fish ticklin...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: Are there US Forest Service maps of historical logging?
In the US prior to about 1900, there was little control over logging. Around 1900 the practice of Reforestation began gaining tracktion, with more oversight and controls. Forest that have never been logged are called "Old Growth" or "Virgin" forests. Wikipedia has a list of US Old Growth Forests th...
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almost 2 years ago
Question Does 'Single-oar sculling' have any use in recreational boating?
I have seen 'Single-oar sculling' on Gondola's and in crowded harbors (i.e Asia). From what I have seen on TV it looks like it is mostly an attempt to combine higher sight lines (paddle while standing) and paddling in a narrower path (i.e. the power stroke can be inside the beam of the boat, unlike ...
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almost 2 years ago
Question What is a 'Whitecap' and why should I be concerned about boating in them?
I heard someone talking about whitecaps and how they could be dangerous for boating but I am not sure I understand, what they were talking about. What are whitecaps and why should I be concerned about boating with them?
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: Beginning paddle boating
The very first thing the novice needs to know is where you want to go. There are several types of paddle (or Oar) powered boats. Each boat style has places they excel at and have shortcomings. Paddle Boat has center paddle (like an old steam paddle boat) that is powered by pedalling. It is only ...
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almost 2 years ago
Question Safest way to carry ebooks outdoors?
There are a number of hazards that can kill electronic products (water, impact). We want to take a few ebooks with us (i.e. plant & animal identification, directions, trails info, etc). Assume non-DRM ebooks. While it is possible to purchase one copy and share it between multiple devices, ther...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: Is there a backpacker's guide to edible plants that is very light?
There are ebook applications for all smart phones. Adding a memory card to most phones is inexpensive and weighs less than the dust on your clothes. There is plethora of ebooks on edible plants. A quick search on Smashwords (no DRM) finds 1400+ We have a post What are some ways/devices that I can u...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: How can I find Corner Caps for my 1963 12ft StarCraft boat?
Google leads to me to the parent company (Manufacturer) of your boat, contacting them would be the first best step Based on your photo and description you have a 12 foot boat, designed for an outboard motor. The item you are calling a "corner cap" would help hold the transom of the boat to the sides...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: how high does a fence need to be to prevent European brown bear to climb it?
The existing answers, should be considered. But given that the OP wants to know how high to build a fence. I know from experience that bears can climb 20 feet (6 meters) without diffuclty in seconds. I would say the lowest height to be safe is probably around 100 feet (30 meters) but that is just ...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: How long after a forest fire can you safely re-enter a forest?
With training and while accompanied by experienced people, you can safely enter the burned area of a forest fire, while the fire is still burning. There is an entire career field dedicated to the practice it is called 'Wildland Firefighting' and in the US alone about 10,000 people are employed by th...
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almost 2 years ago
Question Will the Trailhead Registry burn in a forest fire?
I posted an answer for a recent question about a forest fire that started after your hike began, that said: Presumably you registered at the trailhead, and you have a friend who knows where you are. There should be aircraft in the area soon attempting to identify your location and risk level. Sou...
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almost 2 years ago
Answer A: What to do if you are above timberline and your descent is cut off by a large forest fire?
If you are not threatened there is no reason to activate your PLB. See How bad do circumstances need to be before activating a PLB? It is a forest fire, there may be people who are actually at risk for their lives, activating your PLB where there is no real risk to your party, may cause the diversi...
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about 2 years ago
Answer A: Why aren't the mule trains outfitters required to clean up after their animals?
Unlike human visitors, Equines (horses, mules, and burros) must have their feet cleaned and be on a special diet several days prior to venturing on to the trails. Feed: Clean trailers, hooves, coat, mane, and tails prior to entering the park. Feed stock weed-free forage or processed feed a few d...
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about 2 years ago
Question Can I use a Canoe Paddle with a Kayak?
I am thinking about getting a Kayak, I am very comfortable paddling my canoe with a single paddle. My motivation is that I can canoe silently with a single canoe paddle that does not need to break the water with each stroke See Indian stroke & J Stroke it is very quiet Kayaks always seem to u...
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about 2 years ago
Answer A: Small Islands in Androscoggin river, Berlin NH
These are "Boom Piers" they are man made island used to divide the river for multiple paper company's use of the river to transport logs. They extend about 8 miles “The way to get their product here was to put the wood in the water and float it down,” explains Paul ‘Poof&#x...
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about 2 years ago
Question Small Islands in Androscoggin river, Berlin NH
We were recently driving through Berlin Hew Hampshire, and saw these small islands in the river for several miles. There was not a good place to stop and take a picture of them, but they show clearly in Google Maps. The looked to be about 8 or 10 feet across. The seemed to be made of stacked rocks...
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about 2 years ago
Question Usability difference between 0.1 micron 0.2 micron filter bottles?
We have been using older water filter bottles with charcoal filters. These are easy to drink from a combination of squeeze the bottle and suck will quickly fill your mouth with a swallow of water. We are planning to upgrade to sub-micron pore filter bottles. After much research it seems like the tw...
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about 2 years ago
Answer A: Is there a standard way of marking cooking alcohol containers?
The "Standard" would be to only use containers specifically designed and marked for the type of fuel it is holding. There are a number of reasons; safety, legal and physical to not repurpose used containers to hold fuel. I won't go through them, as you are not asking about the implications of this,...
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about 2 years ago
Question Can you put a tow truck stinger on a motorhome (RV)?
Some terms may not be global, inline descriptions for questionable terms A motorhome is RV with an engine (as opposed to a camp trailer that is pulled by another vehicle). Many people will tow a small car behind it to use for running around when the RV is parked at a campsite. Currently there ar...
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about 2 years ago
Question What attributes should I look for in an inexpensive multi-purpose folding bike?
I have been considering a folding bike, it would be multipurpose, for short rides of 10 miles or less. I think I want multiple gears, as it may be used as part of Canoe Advventures My primary motivation is decreased storage and transporting space. I'm hoping for some attributes. There are a lot of...
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about 2 years ago
Answer A: Electrical supply at camp site, what are the risks?
I am not an Expert the following is the result of a basic knowledge of electricity and extensive research, specific to this issue. I welcome constructive review and suggestions there is a lot of complex considerations and I have tried to balance brevity with concise and accurate descriptions. W...
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about 2 years ago
Question How long is the carp mating season at Presque Isle?
I was on the canoe trail at Presque Isle today, and there were large fish splashing in the shallows all over the place. We learned from a passerby that it was carp mating season, and the splash was two carp mating (there are a lot and they were all busy in the morning). It was a rather spectacular...
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about 2 years ago
Question Lake Erie / Presque Isle Water Level
I was up at Presque Isle (Erie PA) today and the water level was a foot or more higher than I when I was up there in the summer last year. I kind of surprised as I did not think it would be subject to significant changes in water level. How much can the height of the lake fluctuate over a year? W...
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about 2 years ago
Answer A: How to permanently label Nalgene bottles?
Inverted Braille Heat the point of a nail or scribe and make small indentations in the thick plastic (lid?), using Braille characters. Color the indented dot with a permanent marker, as the mark is indented the marker will tend not to wear off. With a little practice you will be able to read them i...
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about 2 years ago
Question Electrical supply at camp site, what are the risks?
I parked my camper at a full hookup campsite, I plugged in my 30 Amp cord to the 30 amp plug but did not get power. The campground owner checked the plug with a simple polarity checker and everything looked fine (more problem solving excluded for brevity), when we checked with a voltmeter there was...
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about 2 years ago
Answer A: How to design a semi-permanent campsite for short trips into the woods that won't attract vandals when we're not there?
There is a great answer by Willeke and a reasonable answer by ab2 in addition to the points they suggested, I have a suggestion. Find a used travel trailer in your area (e.g., Craigslist) buy it, and move it to the property, and leave it there. This makes your base camp. Leave the door unlocked; if...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: How to keep paper from being damaged by water in the outdoors?
Waterproof Smartphone, there are several models with different tolerances available. Electronic sources like, free USGS topo maps off from the internet, can be downloaded straight to the phone. Notes can be made in text or voice recorder apps Older original paper documents can be scanned or photo...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: Are there resources for identifying dinosaur tracks?
Are there resources for identifying dinosaur tracks? No; Dinosaur tracks are called trace fossils Trace fossils are classified in various ways for different purposes. Traces can be classified taxonomically (by morphology), ethologically (by behavior), and toponomically, that is, according t...
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over 2 years ago
Question What is the risk of getting lost while canoeing in a cypress swamp?
Based on the answer here I would be exploring a cypress swamp in the Mississippi valey north of the 35th Parrell. If I canoe in a lake or on a river, I always have a pretty good idea where I am, and my entrance and exit points are pretty easy to identify. I have no idea about what it is like insid...
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over 2 years ago
Question Alligator free Mangrove or Cypress swamps in the US?
I often see Mangrove and Cypress swamps on T.V. and I think it might be fun to explore one in a canoe. My wife thinks we might get eaten by Alligators if we try it. I have no knowledge about alligators, so I suppose the best solution is to find a Mangrove and Cypress swamp that does not have Alligato...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: Can you sit on the comfy trike saddle while the canoe is in the water?
Yes and No. There are challenges: While the trike does sit with all 3 tires on the the bottom of the canoe, it only fits in this one position, facing forward in the front half of the canoe. You can get two people and two bicycles in canoe, but with a trike one person is probably the limit. You can ...
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over 2 years ago
Question Can you sit on the comfy trike saddle while the canoe is in the water?
My answer to How to carry a bicycle in a canoe? includes the image below. The following question was asked in a comment, and to give it a decent answer, I am posting it as a new question. Serious question - can you sit on the comfy trike saddle while in the water or is it too high and top-h...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: What is the best way to figure out the size/volume of an old pack?
Put a garbage bag in the pack, with the open top of the garbage bag sticking out of the pack. Pour water into the garbage bag one liter at a time, keep track of how many liters of water you use. Use Google to convert the number of liters to any measurement you prefer. Empty the water from the ga...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: Is it warmer to sleep in a car or in a tent?
I have slept many nights in a homemade conversion van From experience getting up at dawn, it usually feels warmer outside the van then in it. There are probably scientific words for it; but the metal gets cold and "sucks" the heat away from your body. If you have a tent, AND IF IT IS SAFE to set i...
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over 2 years ago
Question What temperature do different parts of a wood fire produce?
I was reading the answers at Can I place a Dutch oven directly into/next to a camp fire? and recalling a recent TV episode about forging iron (coal fire) where they said the coals were hotter then the flame. I looked around the web, but am not finding anything that clearly shows what ranges of t...
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over 2 years ago
Question Titanic survival, ice cold water?
When the RMS Titanic sank, there were not enough life boats, many hundreds of people went into the cold water and many died from hypothermia. The water temperature in the area where Titanic sank, which was well below normal, ... The coldness of the water was a critical factor, often causing death...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: Road trip through the great American West - Anyone have Ideas for locations, areas, or activities?
Gas Money and Dream will not get you into Grand Canyon NP. With some exceptions it is $30 per vehicle to visit the most popular areas. FREE ENTRANCE PARK DAYS TO KEEP IN MIND FOR 2017: Does not include other fees such as tours, lodging, reservations, etc. Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Ja...
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over 2 years ago
Question Is it feasible that a black bear could kill a man with a single swat?
A recent post said: a black bear can kill a man (or a dog) with a single swat of its paw. I suppose anything is possible. But is it realistic? Has it ever happened? Googling 'man killed by single punch' finds several instance where a person killed a person with one punch. I also find a lion ...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: Do I still need to hang my food if I have two large dogs?
There are a couple of really good answers here. But I feel like something is being overlooked. You and the dogs are going to be asleep, when the bear comes walking through your camp. If the food is hanging out of reach, the bear is just going to keep walking, in all likelihood you and the dogs m...
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over 2 years ago
Question How dangerous is swimming fully dressed in cotton/denim clothes?
There is a recent question What material is a good alternative to neoprene? one of the comments to an answer says: whole suit filled up with water I might be taking it out of context, but as I read the comment it seems to imply something I have heard previously that wet clothes in water are so...
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over 2 years ago
Question What is the minimum amount of water per day to survive?
I am disabled in the wildness, there are no natural water sources available. I have 2 gallons (7.5 liters) of water. The only practical solution is to sit and wait for rescue. I will be resting in the shade. How much water should I drink each day to survive as long as possible? I have a memory fro...
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over 2 years ago
Question Can any automotive fluids be made safe to drink?
My vehicle has broken down in the middle of a desert, I have some tools but I am out of water. I have the ability to make a fire. I know that drinking antifreeze is fatal, but I am wondering if I can distill drinkable water from the antifreeze or any of the other fluids in the car. I am also aw...
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over 2 years ago
Question Does warming an enclosed area with an open flame provide help with drying wet fabric?
Comments at a recent question How many tea light candles are needed to equal the heat output of a person? suggest that burning a candle can produce water vaper that masses twice as much as the candle A typical tea light is around 10g so we'd produce nearly 20g of water from that. That's enough to...
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over 2 years ago
Question How many tea light candles are needed to equal the heat output of a person?
A recent answer said: In an emergency a tea light candle carefully set on/in a disposable pie tin can heat a 4 season tent enough to aid the drying process - just be sure to isolate, ventalate, and insulate the flame properly! -- (tent model, size, wind, temp, and humidity will all change effecti...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: Shooting into tree
I searched for any scientific evidence that lead from bullets harm trees. I could not find any harm from the lead (other then the obvious physical trauma). You probably would not want to eat the tree, but there is no evidence that lead in moderate or even heavy amounts will cause to the tree to die...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: What is the life expectancy of an avalanche airbag backpack?
I can't speak directly to avalanche airbags, but I do have some experience with Fire Shelters, I believe the same considerations apply. Life expectancy of wilderness survival equipment is not measured by the calendar. It is measured by wear. Safety devices should be inspected at the beginning of ev...
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over 2 years ago
Question What types of food make for good emergency rations that I can store in a car?
I have a backpack with emergency survival gear for my car. The scenario being it might take a couple of days of walking to get someplace that money and/or a credit card will increase my chances of survival. I like to keep emergency rations in the backpack. Currently I use PowerBar Performance Ene...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: Dead Canada goose stuck frozen to top of lake
I didn't find exact number but the population seems to be more then 2 million birds with a life expectancy of 10 to 24 year that gives an average life span of 17 years or 6,205 days. 2 million birds divided by 6,205 days = 322 birds dying each day. It is not at all surprising that there is a dead ...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: How do you safely and legally dispose of old, damaged/unsafe camp stove gas canisters that are still full?
You are correct that using or any attempt to empty damaged or rusty containers has a significant potential for personal injury or death. This is the US redneck answer, it may not be appropriate in your (or any) area. Use them for target practice with a long range rifle. Place the containers down ...
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over 2 years ago
Question What are the considerations for using chemical heat pads in sleeping bags?
A now-deleted answer to this question suggested using chemical heating pads in sleeping bags at night to provide added warmth. The product suggested is the 'Thermacare ... Fe-loaded material' I looked and it seems to use a chemical reaction to create heat over a period of about 8 hours. ThermaCa...
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over 2 years ago
Question Using Camphor (Icy Hot) in the winter for warmth
Some products like 'Icy Hot' contain a substance called 'Camphor' that can make your skin feel warm when applied. It is cold out today (1°F or -17°C). I have been making short trips out to shovel snow. If I use a product that contains camphor before I go out, or as soon as I come in, wi...
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over 2 years ago
Question Combining a Frontpack with a Backpack while hiking
There is a current trend to carry babies in a pack on your front (Wikipedia does not show it but Google images has lots of hits 'front baby carrier') If you are hiking with a backpack, is including a frontpack (with a baby or just gear) a practice you should consider? What are the considerations ...
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over 2 years ago
Question How to identify good winter boots for walking on ice?
I just saw this BBC news clip Does Canada have the solution to slipping on ice? at about 1:20 into the clip (not counting the commercial) a scientist says "most footwear performs poorly" he also says just looking at the tread of the shoe/boot is not a good guide. For those who can't watch the vide...
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over 2 years ago
Question Can I use the blade of a multi tool as a spear point?
A recent question asks about disassembling a multi tool pictured below. We have an existing question How do you fashion a spear with a fixed blade. All of the blades pictured are long handled and/or have a long tang. A long tang provides a solid mounting point as shown in the accepted answer. Hal...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: How can I disassemble a multi-tool with no screws on it?
The tool pictured is riveted together with solid rivets. It is not designed to be repaired, as mentioned in a comment, if it is not working correctly it should be disposed of and replaced. It is possible to use a grinder to remove the flared head of the rivet and then punch it out. Alternately you...
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over 2 years ago
Question Hiking with boots untied?
I recently came across a hiking boot maker with a front page photo showing someone walking off trail in ankle high boots that are untied. Source This seems to be a current fashion trend, and if you google untied boots look you get several hits showing and describing how to get the 'look' Shoppin...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: Are there human powered generators that draw power from body movement?
Ignoring the usb charger and just focusing on light. There are a multitude of mechanically powered lights. Personally I have several of them. IMHO the most effective and efficient are the Shake Type originally marketed under the name "NightStar jP Shake Flashlight" The best are relatively expensive...
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over 2 years ago
Question Has a person ever got rabies from a marine mammal?
I just saw this 2009 article Can a Whale Get Rabies? which includes this statement, Although there is absolutely no record of a rabid whale, and only one documented case of rabies in a seal—a ringed seal caught in 1980 in Svalbard, an archipelago off Norway—the scenario may soon be of greater con...
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over 2 years ago
Question What causes the current in the interior lagoons of Presque Isle State Park PA?
There is canoe trail, in the interior lagoons of Presque Isle State Park PA. No gas engines are allowed, travel is bidirectional, like a bike path most travelers make a two way trip on the same path. While I was paddling there this summer, I noticed that the water plants a few feet under the surf...
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over 2 years ago
Question What is the lightest arrow practical for target practice?
All things being equal a lighter arrow will travel faster when shot from a bow. A faster arrow tends to drop less over a given distance. Both will have similar kinetic energy over a short distance. A longbow or a compound bow requires an arrow long enough to span the draw length. A crossbow arro...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: Can a rope&bucket used to gather water from a well be kept outside, tied to this well, or does it have to be kept inside?
Wells are covered to keep the water clean, not to keep it dry. A well bucket rope is only going to be as long as needed, one end is going to get wet several times a day. Even in single person home well, you are probably collecting water for the home morning and evening, as well as watering the anim...
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over 2 years ago
Question Minimum draw weight for a target practice only crossbow?
My wife likes to shoot arrows at targets. She uses a relatively lightweight draw compound bow now. We have been talking about her trying a crossbow. I did a quick search online and found junior models with draw weights from 15 to 60 lbs. I suspect 15lbs is not going to give good results, and 60lb...
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over 2 years ago
Question Is Germany or any of Europe really rabies free?
Answers at a recent question say that Germany has been rabies free since 2008. My first response was how could that even be possible, must be some significant border protection that keeps wild animals from crossing. So if you look at the CDC site Rabies-Free Countries and Political Units Dogs m...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: What features should I look for in gear to support front wheels of wheelchairs for travel on snowy paths?
Given your expected usage, I believe a more practical solution would be an add-on front all terrain wheel. Products like the FreeWheel give the front of the wheelchair similar terrain capabilities as the rear. You can attach and detach it easily, even while in the wheelchair, and it folds up and sto...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: Why does poo smell more after someone is back from a trek/hike?
Even in a vegetarian diet, changes in diet result in digestion changes. Gas is created by flora and fauna in the digestive tract. If you exclude something or add something at the top of the digestive tract, it would be normal to expect a different result in the end. Given the list of trail food you...
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over 2 years ago
Question Can I safely eat grass?
A recent comment Cows eat grass, doesn't mean you can! got me thinking. Corn, wheat, rice, etc are all grass that we eat regularly. I am not sure the human race could survive on the planet without eating grass. But in all fairness, for the most part humans only eat the grains of the grass...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: Why is it legal to hunt over planted food but not placed food?
First it is not illegal to feed and hunt in all areas, only some. Google "deer feeder" there are industries around this market. I discuss some of the considerations in my answer at What are the downsides of baiting game while hunting? Where food is grown, grown food plots are always present, all a...
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over 2 years ago
Answer A: How can I keep insulin at the correct temperature in sub zero temperatures?
For type 2 diabetics some of the new inhaled insulin products like Afrezza seem to be more forgiving of temperature fluctuations. These appear to only be the fast acting insulin's so not a big help for the type 1 who also needs long acting insulin. There are no products that I am aware designed spec...
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almost 3 years ago
Answer A: Eye safety when starting a fire with a magnifying glass
Use a non-battery welding mask glass. You can carry it in the same pouch as your magnifying glass. One can be Purchased new for a couple of dollars. They can also be had second hand.
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almost 3 years ago
Question How to manage the sail of a sunfish when paddling?
The sunfish is a small sailboat with a lateen sail. Realistically you can not raise the sail while in it. Usually raising and lower the sail is done at shore. It is occasionally necessary to paddle the sunfish, due to lack of wind and/or obstacles. The spars on the sail are about the same 14 fe...
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almost 3 years ago
Question Can I use sunlight to purify water without a special container?
According to the answers at Does water in the sun get purified from or polluted by algae, fungi and bacteria? & Can sunlight be used to purify water? water in special containers can be purified in sun light in about 5 hours: Can I purify water with sunlight and without a special container? Clar...
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almost 3 years ago
Answer A: How can I care for a wound that will be immersed in water?
Water tight is subject to lots of variable. As you mention just staying out of the water is the least risk. There are Waterproof Transparent Dressings, a good example is Nexcare™ Tegaderm™ Waterproof Transparent Dressing It lists among its attributes "Seals out water, dirt and germs to...
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almost 3 years ago
Answer A: What causes a tree to split into multiple trunks?
In the US this is sometimes called a schoolmarm (alt school-marm) there are a number of ways they can form. OSHA Logging terms As mentioned in the existing answer some trees like willow grow very aggressively and a low cut stump can have several shoots that grow in to trees. Two or more seeds grow...
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almost 3 years ago
Question Do cars really hit 20 moose per day in Sweden?
I just saw this claim on BBC news, and found it hard to believe. Annually 7,300+ car vs moose accidents in a country that is 173,000 Square Miles, that is like one collision with a moose (and probably close to one dead moose) in every 23 Square Miles (60 Square KM). It just seems very unrealistic. ...
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about 3 years ago
Question How can I tell how much, if any, rain is in an approaching cloud?
I am always amazed when there is a rain cloud moving across the country dropping inches per hour of rain as it goes. In my imagination I try to visualize how the cloud could have carried all that water so far inland from the ocean... Some clouds pass overhead, casting a shadow but leaving me dry. So...
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about 3 years ago
Question Life Jacket for a person without arms?
Inspired by the question Where should a person who can't hold a paddle sit in a tandem kayak? "One friend was born without arms" Many life jackets are vests that are in part, kept on the person by the arms extending through arm holes. If worn by a person without arms, it would seem likely the l...
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about 3 years ago
Answer A: Wildlife canoe trails in or near Western Pennsylvania
I found and have visited. Presque Isle State Park Internal combustion engines are prohibited in the interior lagoons, which are defined as the continuous body of water between Misery Bay and Marina Lake, excluding Graveyard Pond. A boat rental concession in the Graveyard Pond area provides a ...
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about 3 years ago
Answer A: Can I waterproof a tent just before it rains?
Most products require 24-48 hours of dry time. Some also recommend multiple coats, with some time (i.e. 4 hours) between coats. Allow article to dry for 24-48 hours Source We often spray waterproofing on our fabrics in the garage. This keeps them out of the rain while drying and allows for v...
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about 3 years ago
Question Wildlife canoe trails in or near Western Pennsylvania
I am looking for wildlife viewing areas that are open to manually powered boats (i.e. Canoe) in areas within a few hours drive of Pittsburgh PA. Criteria: Motor boats are prohibited (electric only motors, is ok) Manually powered boats are allowed Open to the public most or all of the year Abilit...
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about 3 years ago
Question How far from a road do I need to be to not hear the traffic?
We are always camping in areas we have not been to before. We usually use Google maps (satellite) to try and guess about the appropriateness of a camp before going there. From experience we know that a couple hundred feet (100 meters) of forest between a camp site and busy highway, means lots of ...
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about 3 years ago
Answer A: How should I remove a tick?
Some of the answers here suggest really bad solutions. I recently researched an answer for the question Tick removal, to twist or not twist? it focuses on technique. While you can find lots of people with lots of suggestions, the only empirically (science based) proven techniques are to remove the...
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about 3 years ago
Question How to deal with diarrhea when using a cathole in the wilderness?
I was sitting and thinking last night... If you have gas and loose stool (diarrhea) and you are squatting over a cathole in the wilderness how do keep your pants and foot wear clean? Related What's the problem with burying toilet paper? Why are people so worried about Giardia?
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about 3 years ago
Answer A: Is hiking alone always faster?
No, hiking alone is not always faster. I absolutely guarantee that if my wife is hiking alone, she will not get there any faster than a group of average hikers. Some people dawdle more then others; when they are in a group, they do slow the group some, but the group also gives them reason to start ...
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about 3 years ago
Answer A: Rigs for carrying axes and machetes
From my experience fighting wildland fires, the number of clearing tools and the number of people in the group are usually the same. If you need more tools than you have people to operate, you need more people. Wildland fire fighting is mostly about building fire breaks (trails) faster then the fire...
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about 3 years ago
Question How long is Gore-Tex lining in boots effective?
I was reading a recent answer and found this statement for the great majority of users, Gore-Tex boot liners fail anyway, and sooner rather than later if any real mileage is being covered. In fact, most experienced users tend to avoid Gore-Tex boots. I have a 10+ year old pair of leather red wi...
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about 3 years ago
Answer A: Can you safely use retired ropes for belaying children?
My rule of thumb is, if you have to ask if something is still safe to use, the answer is always no. We all try to minimize risk and maximize cost/benefit. When I was younger and had less disposable income, my self answer to 'safe vs cost' questions was often more heavily weighted towards cost. You...
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about 3 years ago
Question Are all Ants and Termites edible?
Watching wildlife shows you frequently see omnivores (i.e. bears) eating ants and termites. We have the existing Q&A Eating ants/termites on outdoor expeditions explaining that some ants and termites are very good for people to eat. I am wondering if all Ants and Termites are safe to eat? Are ...
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about 3 years ago
Answer A: Would Gorilla Glue Work on Goretex?
No, it is not a good solution for foot wear. While it will bond, it forms a waterproof bond that you can "Sand, Paint or Stain". It is great for many thing you might sand, but not for things that flex.
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about 3 years ago
Answer A: What is this plant in England with large veined leaves and multi-part buds?
The thick veins make me believe it is Comfrey. Your image is of a young plant so it is hard to tell for sure. It is and has been an important part of herbal treatments and gardening. It is used across the world.
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over 3 years ago
Question How to make my own liquid camp soap?
We use Coghlan's Camp Soap when camping, it is available in handy containers at most stores that have any amount of outdoor supplies. But we can only find it in the 4oz bottle, we would like to be able to refill the bottle from a larger container or make our own. We know reqular dish soap is not ...
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over 3 years ago
Question Do some parts of the world really have 12 hours of daylight each day of the entire year?
I live about 45 degree north latitude. Other then at the Equinox, daylight is seldom 12 hours. Sometimes it is more sometimes less. The summer sun can last 16+ hours. I understand how and why there is only a single sunrise and sun set at the North and South Poles. But I am trying to get my mind a...
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over 3 years ago
Question What is the risk of starting a forest or wildland fire with a flare gun?
When firing a flare gun in the air, what is the risk of accidentally starting a forest or wildland fire? Does the flare go out completely before it touches the ground?
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: Camper van conversion sleeping width wise
As Chris says in his answer "widest part of a van is about a third of the way up". Everything in his answer is correct. I have slept many nights in a homemade conversion van. If you are sleeping alone, then sleeping diagonally gives much more length. Useing Chris's width of 5'8' (68 inches) a width...
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over 3 years ago
Question Why use a blue porch light?
I have noticed a few people are using blue light bulbs for the front porch and/or walk way. The light is not very bright and does not cast what I would call sufficient lighting. On some streets half the illuminated evening porch lights are blue. Why might people choose a blue light, to light outdoo...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: Fisherman rescue, what gear is required?
It is good that you are planning ahead. Assuming no communications, and recovery with your group and available assets is the best choice. Beyond basic first aid, you need a couple of things. Rescue sled (random web link) these run about $1,000 (US) A winch rated for human lifting, there are se...
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over 3 years ago
Question Camp fire starting for the novice?
We have several posts about fire most of them are about specific challenges. A recent question had myself and others searching for fire starting basics. We don't seem to have a post about it. What does the novice need to know to start a camp fire? This is not a survival question. The novice has...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: Should I add holes to my fire pit/bowl?
It looks like you clean out and store your metal fire pit someplace after each use; there are no ashes in it, you don't have a hole to drain rain water, and the grass under it is green. Drilling holes will be areas for rust to form. While that is an option, it will quicken end of life as well as let...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: Screen cover for boat inspection port
After considering the pros and cons of several solutions and desiring a solution with a life span of years, with low cost and easy to reuse, I created my own screen covers. Materials Two squares of 1 inch white wood, 7 1/4 by 7 1/4 (from a 1x8) Two squares of standard window screen Two metal wash...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: How can a barbed wire fence be crossed safely?
Barbwire fences are designed to keep cattle in or out of a designated areas. Barbwire intended to prevent human traffic requires additional measures. As previously mentioned it it may or may not indicate a boundary for a traveling human. Where the wire is not intended to halt human traffic there is...
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over 3 years ago
Question Would waterproofing Styrofoam in a boat make water retention better or worse?
In theory Styrofoam is a closed cell product meaning that is water proof. In practice it tends to absorb and hold water It can take months to dry out very saturated Styrofoam. As a rule Styrofoam goes in boats to provide flotation. In many applications the Styrofoam is in locations where water ten...
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over 3 years ago
Question How often should I change the lines and sail attachment rings?
Last fall I bought a sunfish, best I can tell is built in about 1974 (43 years ago) and has all original sails, sail rings (hold the sail to the spars), tiller, etc. Everything but the lines seem to be original. Yesterday it was sunny and warm, wind at about 9MPH, 15KPH, 8 Knots. I took it out to ...
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over 3 years ago
Question When is it a bad idea to follow a game trail?
If you are walking on trail, and a game trail heads off in an interesting direction is it ever a bad idea to follow it? If so how would you know when it is OK to follow a game trail? This question assumes you have a good maps/GPS/skills and sufficient supplies. So getting lost and starving to death...
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over 3 years ago
Question Aftermarket access panel to clean inside fresh water RV tank?
When I was searching for boat inspection plates amazon example I saw a review where someone had bought one to install in the top of their RV fresh water tank to make cleaning inside easy. I thought it was a wonderful idea, so I bought an extra, but now that it is getting close to spring, I am having...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: Leather Work Gloves or Aramid Fiber Gloves for Bonfires?
If leather gloves are doing the job, why change? There are a lot of variables, but it really comes down to exposure. For the most part gloves only protect your hands. When working in and around a large fire, you also need to consider exposure to the rest of your body as well. Increasing the fir...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: What are the best methods to clean out a fire pits and dispose of the ash?
Cleaning the fire pit is a task I generally do on arrival. As mentioned in the question and existing answer, hot ashes can start forest fires. A full fire pit will contain 2 or 3 things. Charcoal - black peices of wood that have not been fully burnt yet Ash - Grey dust, the remains of wood that...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: How to get a top-mount cooking burner for 20 lb propane tank?
As mentioned a few places here already, mounting a cooking surface directly to 20lb LPG container is going to be a stability problem. If you shop for a Turkey Fryer you should find something that will meet all of your needs accept the direct mount to the top of the tank. The entire unit with cooki...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: What is a place in the U.S.A that is between 40°F - 60°F (5°C - 15°C) year round and doesn't get a ton of rain?
There are several places in the US that meet your requirement if you exclude the requirement for forest, and you are will to accept no snow, in place of rare snow. what place in america has forest, temperature ranges from 40-60 degrees year round, does NOT rain for days on end, and rarely gets sn...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: Are there any tips for preventing a vehicle from being broken into while parked at a trailhead?
The existing answers by Ken and Liam offer good advice. But unfortunately there is nothing you can do to prevent break ins. Thieves can be surprisingly stupid. True story... A friend of mine drove her jeep wrangler with a soft top to the trail head and parked it before going on a hike. The roof ...
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over 3 years ago
Question What are the pros and cons of greased feet in boots?
I was just reading this answer at Can you keep your feet warm in ski boots on a very cold day? Yes, add fat to your feet. I don't mean gain weight. Just slather it on before putting socks on. Petroleum jelly will work, as will almost any other fat (other than coconut oil). A nice layer of fat, ev...
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over 3 years ago
Question What is the minimum knowledge to navigate with only a compass?
Assuming I have memorized the major Latitude and Longitudes as they relate to the world, as shown in the image below and that I know how to identify latitude & longitude with a compass. What else do I need to know? I am not talking about everything I need to know to find my way to a specific sm...
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over 3 years ago
Question How to identify latitude & longitude with a compass?
I am not exactly sure where I am in the world. It could be that I am in a boat on the ocean, been in a plane crash, or suffered some other calamity. In any case I either have a compass with me or have made one and now I need to figure out where I am. How can I use a compass alone to identify latit...
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over 3 years ago
Question I have a compass but no watch, how can I tell when it will get dark?
I was reading all of the answers to Are there any situations while backpacking that would require a watch? and surprised at the number of answers that said you need a watch so you would know how long until dark. People have been walking around the world for a very long time, portable time pieces hav...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: What are some blind-friendly wildlife trails in or including Massachusetts?
Bill Irwin, author of Blind Courage found the Appalachian Trail to be a mostly enjoyable outdoors experience. While secluded with good opportunities for enjoying nature away from others. The Appalachian Trail offers some challenges. Assuming your blind friend will be with you or another sighted g...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: What are good locations to find wild strawberries?
In the bellies of critters... Seriously, anything living in the area is going to know where the wild strawberries grow and will have made a habit of eating them when they get ripe. They grow close to the ground, so unlike black berries and other high bush berries, every critter can easily get to ...
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over 3 years ago
Question How to protect a body in the wilderness?
I am hiking in the wilderness, a round trip to civilization and back is at least 24 hours. I know where I am and I can return to the same spot. If my hiking partner dies, how can/should I protect the body while I go to get the authorities? I want to protect my partner's body while I am gone, what...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: How to empty bowels before a hike?
Bring toilet paper and a shovel, exercise is a recognized method of increasing bowel motility (making you poo). Other than planning for the likely need, there are no reasonable medical measures you can take that will have a positive influence. There are things you can take, but for occasional use, t...
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over 3 years ago
Question How effective is sulfur for delousing my camp?
Sulfur has been used for centuries to get ride of nasty little bugs that infest the warm places we like to sleep. Assuming I have found natural sulfur sources can they be used to effectively and safely de-louse my camp? If so what is the best way to do it?
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over 3 years ago
Question When should I boil water before distilling it?
One of the surest ways of purifying water is distillation water is boiled and only things that evaporate at or below 100C are captured. This does lead to the potential issue of things like petroleum products with a lower boiling point, getting distilled into your collection chamber. It would seem t...
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over 3 years ago
Question How to find natural sulfur sources?
According to a google search sulfur is widely available in nature. Volcanic regions and hot springs are common sources of it in elemental state. Less obvious sources are iron pyrites (iron sulfide), galena (lead sulfide), gypsum (calcium sulfate), Epsom salts (magnesium sulfate) and many other miner...
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over 3 years ago
Question In the absence of lead, what can I use for a projectile in a flintlock rifle?
A flintlock rifle is a weapon that can be indefinitely reloaded without any reliance on infrastructure. Gunpowder can be made from resources commonly found in the outdoors (urine as the nitrate source) and natural flint used in place of percussion caps. Scavenged lead can be melted and formed into l...
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over 3 years ago
Question What should I look for in a used wet suit?
I am considering getting a used wet suit for sailing and canoeing in the early spring and next fall. What should I look for? Based on the related Q&A below, it looks like I will want 6-7mm (1/4 inch) thick with neck, wrist and ankle seals. What else should I look for in a used wet suit? Relat...
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over 3 years ago
Question Can Propane lose its stink?
Propane is naturally odorless, the smell we associate with it is the result of adding ethyl mercaptan. Is it possible for the ethyl mercaptan to deteriorate, bind with something in the tank or settle so that escaping propane would be without odor? I usually get my propane bottles filled from a l...
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over 3 years ago
Question How do you make a stone axe?
If I am in a survival situation with a knife as my only cutting implement, and I need an axe to chop trees (because I know burning through them is not practical) how would I make one? What attributes do I look for in wood, stone and binding? Using only a knife and items found in the wilderness how...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: How exactly do you cut down a tree with fire?
Unless you are building a bridge you don't. If you don't have the tools to cut it down you don't have the tools to do anything with it once it is down. You are converting it from a big living standing tree to a big dead laying down tree. Neither of which you have the tools to modify. The only sce...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: What are the consequences of — illegally — using a 446 MHz PMR in the North American wilderness?
Alternately you may be able to change the frequency your current device uses. In the US you will usually find a "CB Shop" near large truck stops, they should have the skills & parts required to modify the units. Practically, it maybe more efficient to just get new devices.
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: How to clean soaked-in winter salt off boots?
Put them on a go for a hike where it is wet or snowy and not salty. The post How much sea water can I safely drink? has a bunch of words about salt and water in a body. Leather is skin. The same principals apply. You wore boots in a heavy salt environment and the salt equalized into your boots. If...
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over 3 years ago
Question How many trees are there in California you can drive through?
A Recent news event (Pioneer Cabin Tree in California felled by storms), brought drive through trees to mind. When I looked at the pictures, I realized it is not the same tree I drove through last time I was in the Redwood Forest. Searching found some different answers. This one by the US forest...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: What type of weather conditions would lead to being above the clouds while mountaineering?
It is called fog, and you are standing higher then it is thick. Clouds can form at many different altitudes. They can be as high as 12 miles above sea level or as low as the ground. Fog is a kind of cloud that touches the ground. Source
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: Optimal timing/routing for a year visiting US national parks?
30,000 Character limit per answer. This is the end of my large answer November Park: Mammoth Cave State: Kentucky Region: Southeast Links: National Park Service, NPS camping, Wikipedia, Weather RV Camping in the Park: Other for amenities Reserve: Nearby Nolin Lake State Park http://www.reserv...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: Optimal timing/routing for a year visiting US national parks?
This answer assumes a year spent on the road, visiting one national park after the other. With an average visit of one week per park, or four parks per month. The camper (RV) being a self-contained; trailer or motor home with fresh & grey/black water holding tanks. The optimal RV site being in ...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: How can I perfect my backyard ice rink?
I don't ice skate and my main goals of working with ice are to get it gone. That said, if I did want to even out ice with the least amount of work and expense I would get a weed burner and a bottle of propane. Inexpensive weed burns can be purchased for about $20 US it easily connects to the 5 gal...
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over 3 years ago
Question How long can fresh water fish live on a stringer?
A fish stringer goes through the gill and mouth of a live fish, providing a way to keep them captive and alive in the lake or river they are caught from. I would imagine the key to survival is how much the stringer impacts the gills ability to uptake oxygen. This question is limited to fresh water f...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: Easiest way to preserve a fishing catch - with cooking or pickling
SALT Before refrigeration salt was the primary means of preserving fish. As you mention in your question filleting them is a a good first step, they should also be dried to reduce the amount of salt needed. But what you really want Keep them alive, until you get home to clean, and freeze or refrig...
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over 3 years ago
Question How to get the best results when applying gelcoat with a brush?
I just finished applying gelcoat to my boat. Results were less than wonderful. I have some experience, with bondo, fiberglass and painting, so it did not seem like it should be to difficult to get reasonably good results. Still I did a lot of research online before choosing a product and beginning ...
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over 3 years ago
Question Screen cover for boat inspection port
Looking for solutions for screen covers for the inspection port on a sunfish. In the Q&A What to look for in Marine Grade Expanding Foams we learn that water in the hull of sunfish can be an issue. There are several posts online about leaving the inspection ports (after you install them) open s...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: What does "hull weight" include?
As Rory states in his answer, hull weight is just the hull. But you need not worry, the mast, rudder, center board, sail, etc. Are usually loaded separately from the hull of the boat. For small two person sail boats, around 100 pound. All the parts except for a couple pieces of hardware come off. ...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: How to keep a llama from being eaten by a bear?
llamas are only native to an area of South American unless you are hiking in that area, they are not going to be any more of a prospective meal then then the other animals on the hike (i.e. humans). They are human sized or bigger (a full-size llama is 1.7 to 1.8 m (5.6 to 5.9 ft) tall at the top of ...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: What is pelt sealing and why is it required for certain species?
From reading the question, I suspect the OP understands "sealing" to be the verb described by the description "apply a nonporous coating to (a surface) to make it impervious.". When they talk about sealing a pelt they are using it as the action to acquire the noun described by the description "a pie...
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over 3 years ago
Question How much gelcoat should I remove before redoing the entire hull?
I have a 1972ish sunfish I am planning to re-gelcoat the entire bottom of the hull. I made one fiber glass repair where there was a crack through the hull, I took that area down to bare fiberglass before repairing. In another area cracks in the gecoat turned out to be related to a thick layer (3/4 o...
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over 3 years ago
Question Is amine blush only a concern with new/ongoing epoxy repairs?
While researching my answer at In a boat repair, what would cause Gelcoat not to harden? I learned about amine blush. Amine blush is a waxy layer that forms as most marine epoxies cure. It can be clearly visible as a white layer, or nearly invisable. It is water soluble, sanding and/or acetone was...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: What to look for in Marine Grade Expanding Foams
I read the answer by Erik vanDoren then I cut inspection ports in my boat. What I learned helps validate the correctness of his answer. Quick history. I purchased the boat (1972ish sunfish) a few weeks ago, it had a small crack in the hull and had been stored upside down for some time. On purchase...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: In a boat repair, what would cause Gelcoat not to harden?
There are several factors that can inhibit the gelcoat from curing. There is not enough information in the review to identify the specific cause. The only specific cause mentioned is stirring, if we assume the catalyst (hardener) and gelcoat where well mixed, here are some other potential causes (mo...
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over 3 years ago
Question In a boat repair, what would cause Gelcoat not to harden?
Gelcoat is available in 2 formulas, one has wax (finishing), one does not (layering). Both need to be mixed with an agent to cause it to harden. Gelcoat that is exposed to the air stays tacky, this allows for a chemical bond to form between layers. When using gelcoat for the finishing coat of a boat...
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over 3 years ago
Answer A: Dozens of earthworms came on my terrace and died there
Sue has a great well researched answer about why they probably died, and there are a couple of others as well. Given the number of worms and the varied locations, the reason the worms came out of the ground may be related to an electrical issue. It could either be an accidental event in your or a...
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almost 4 years ago
Question Worm catching with electricity?
I have heard about people using electricity to catch worms, mostly around catching worms for fishing. How does this work? Is it safe?
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: How would I make a bear-proof pannier?
First the Ursack is advertised as bear resistant not bear proof, nothing is bear proof FAQ, have there been any failures? We have sold bags in 50 states, Canada and assorted foreign countries. So far, there have been no reports of a bear compromising a standard size IGBC approved S29 AllWhit...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: Drain plug replacement for DePersia Bailer on Sunfish Sailboat
This is the plan B answer. It works but uses ferrous (will rust) parts. I found a source for Hex bolts, Zinc plated grade 8 steel yellow, 7/8"-14 x 2" I ordered it (Just under $10 with shipping.) When it arrived, I ran right out and screwed it into the drain. Perfect fit! It screwed in about ...
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almost 4 years ago
Question What to look for in Marine Grade Expanding Foams
Sunfish have a closed hull with which includes Styrofoam type blocks secured in place with expanding foam. Everything is sealed at the factory. The Sunfish hull has 4 major fiberglass parts: The hull, deck, tub and dagger board trunk. When the hull and deck are assembled they insert large foam...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: Vaseline or Teflon grease near potable water?
Teflon is a brand name. The scientific name is Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). Searching more I find there are food grade PTFE lubricants available. (Super Lube) Points making PTFE appropriate for this application Great for installing some faucet stems and cartridges Food grade. U.S.D.A. rated...
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almost 4 years ago
Question Vaseline or Teflon grease near potable water?
I want to install a deck plate in the top of the fresh water tank of my camp trailer (RV) to allow for cleaning the inside at the start of the season. The product I am looking at recommends "Lubricate with Vaseline or Teflon grease". Looking around to see if Teflon is toxic I found this Non-toxic w...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: How can I capture some really small no-seeums to find out what is plaguing me?
You may be allergic to dust mites. Dust Mite Allergy If you have allergies or asthma, a tiny creature living in your home could be making big problems for you. Although you can’t see them, you may be having an allergic reaction to them. They are dust mites and they live in many homes...
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almost 4 years ago
Question What happens when fiberglass gets wet?
I have heard references to gelcoat being a water proof application for a fiberglass boat hull. I have always considered fiberglass as inherently water proof. There are several industries surrounding fiberglass as a roofing product. I know gelcoat serves several purposes, most notably it is smooth a...
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almost 4 years ago
Question How can I prevent a fiberglass crack in my sailboat from getting worse?
There is a crack about 12 inches (30cm) long on the edge of my Sunfish sailboat. I am not sure if the crack is all the way through the fiberglass, or just the gel coat. It is on the corner between the side of and the bottom of the boat. When I push on it I can hear a little noise that could be gla...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: How much flotation does a canoe need?
This is based on experiments following the great answer by Chris I purchased two "water proof" barrels. Related How can I keep a water-proof barrel dry for use in a canoe? One is 8 gallons the other is 13 gallons. Every gallon of dry storage adds 8.36 pounds of flotation (minus the weight of the c...
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almost 4 years ago
Question How can I keep a water-proof barrel dry for use in a canoe?
I purchased a couple of used water-proof barrels for keeping things dry in the canoe. They are easy to open and close, so in theory they keep your stuff dry and they float. The lids clamp on (image of 13 gallon, ruler for scale). In reality, if you put them under water, even just partially subme...
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almost 4 years ago
Question When does a Rope become a Line?
As pointed out in a comment by cobaltduck in the question What type of rope to use for the mainsheet of sunfish? the proper name for rope when used on a boat is line. If I go to the store and buy a length of rope and put it on my boat it is now a line. When does it become a line instead of a rope...
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almost 4 years ago
Question What type of rope to use for the mainsheet of sunfish?
I need a new mainsheet (the rope that controls the boom on the main sail) for my sunfish. Many of the online sailboat stores, are selling 8mm FSE Orion for the job. My local Hardware store does not offer this type of rope, but does have Blue Hawk 0.375-in Braided Polypropylene Rope (By-the-Foot), ...
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almost 4 years ago
Question Drain plug replacement for DePersia Bailer on Sunfish Sailboat
I have an early 1970's Sunfish with the old style DePersia Bailer Ad from 1957 The plug is missing I have searched and it appears the old style old style DePersia Bailer is no longer made, the only source for replacement parts are salvage if you can find them. Several options exist for entire ...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: How do you remove a bullet from a cartridge?
topshot has a good answer on how to separate the slug from the brass. Brass is designed to be reused, which is why reloading exists. Bullets/slugs are designed to be used once. Reusing the brass as long as it still meets expectations is fine. If you reuse a bullet where the brass was damaged enoug...
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almost 4 years ago
Question Is it practical to tap a tree for syrup on an overnight stop?
We have a couple of questions about the legality of and how to tap trees to get sap. Tree sap is the source of sugary syrups like Maple or Sycamore. The sap can then be evaporated over a fire to leave a high sugar syrup (i.e. Maple Syrup). While the process is not complex, it takes a lot of time a...
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almost 4 years ago
Question How do I calculate how many watts of energy I need when camping?
Generators, fuel cells, solar panels and other power supplies tend to be sold with Watts as the energy value. Some of my electrical devices list amps, how do I convert amps to watts?
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almost 4 years ago
Question Is there a fuel cell that would be clean and quiet enough for RV/Camper/Trailer use?
Gasoline generators are notoriously noisy (some are more quiet) and smelly. Many areas like US national parks have restrictions on the use of generators. Fuel cells are used in many space applications, they are perceived as clean and quiet. Generators can cost upwards of a few thousand dollars, cl...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: Why do some people stand inside the river fishing?
Most of the people I see standing in water fishing are wearing hip waders or chest waders essentially really tall rubber boots. They are not getting wet, they are getting farther from shore, and closer to the fish. They are not standing on the shore, for all the same reasons a person in a boat i...
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almost 4 years ago
Question How do you get back in canoe, by yourself?
Getting back in a canoe is not as easy as I thought it was going to be. I also learned that Extra Flotation might be needed So if I am alone in the middle of a body of water, how do I get back in? Are there any device that I should have that might help? I have not been drinking and I am wearin...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: Portable ladder for sailboat?
must not damage the boat Damage to the boat is somewhat subjective, you are best able to tell what the owner will consider damage. Anything that rubs against a surface will cause wear. I belong to a community sailing program, multiple boats (sunfish) share multiple accessories, I think every boa...
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almost 4 years ago
Question When considering GPS battery life where are the best options?
I believe the 3 main options for portable GPS currently are: Dedicated GPS unit Smart Phone GPS Watch They all have somethings in common, and each have other considerations also. For this question, if my only concerns are GPS and battery life. Out of the box and/or with available modifications...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: What devices would help me track my outdoor activities and fitness?
Why don't you get an inexpensive smart phone instead? For less then $100 (currently some are less than $30) you can get a smart phone at tracfone.com that will do all of that and more. Pair it with a fit bit and still be around $100
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almost 4 years ago
Question Is it safe to tie a canoe to the top of your car like this?
This time of year, you see a lot of canoes and kayaks going down the road tied to the top of cars. Some of them not as smartly anchored as others. One of the configurations that I see a lot is the "It's not going off the back" method. A quick look at google finds these two examples: Is this m...
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almost 4 years ago
Question I can't get floating in my canoe again, now what?
Canoes are known for tipping over, most come with enough flotation so they won't sink. Stock flotation is often just for neutral buoyancy, adding flotation is an option but if I have not done that, my canoe is likely to sink when I get in, and float back up when I get out. Assuming, I can't get m...
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almost 4 years ago
Question How much flotation does a canoe need?
Yesterday for the first time I turned my canoe over, then I tried to get back in it. I have been thinking about adding a sail to my canoe and now that I know a bit about sailing, I know I need to plan on being able to right the sailing canoe and get back in it. So I took the canoe to the lake to pr...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: How to get out through surf in fins?
Walk backwards. The fins will have the least trouble with the water if you walk backwards.
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almost 4 years ago
Question Alternative Gooseneck options for small home built sail boats
I am planning a homebuilt sailing craft that uses a sail similar to the Sunfish (image below) I have seen a few homebuilt sails that use metal electrical conduit for the mast and spars, and am working on a similar design for myself. In the sunfish a Gooseneck is used to connect the boom to the mast....
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almost 4 years ago
Question What is the energy difference between green and seasoned fire wood?
I know from personal experience that greenwood (freshly cut) does not provide as much heat energy as seasoned wood (has been down for 6-12 months). When burning it spends a lot of it's energy boiling the water out of the wood. It takes more green wood to provide the same amount of heat as you would...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: How much wood can the average person expect to chop in a day?
Back in the day when I fit the criteria in the question. Assuming the wood is down and has been seasoned. One Cord {128 cubic feet (3.62 m3)} a day is easy. I used to cut, split and load into the truck in the morning, sell it later in the day and stack it at the buyers house. Do over next day. 2 o...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: How to keep small rocks and stones out of hiking boots?
The two answers suggesting the purchase of gaiters seem like a great idea. The same effect can be gained with socks. Either cut the elastic off of a pair of socks that are worn out. Or just roll down the tops of long socks over the cuff of you boot/shoe. If you don't own or wear long socks, and...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: How would a dragonfly get to above 13,400 ft (4000m)?
I am not an expert, but this caught my attention. The image appears to be of a common green darner(Anax junius) which is one of 16 North American dragonflies known to migrate Dragon flies are known to migrate along mountain ridges, which Google Maps indicates the location is. Being cold blooded ...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: Will a Rocky Mountain Goat attack a person?
While I have not interacted with mountain goats, I used to have a farm with Saanen goats. Goats declare dominance by having the highest position. If they pick high ground and you picker higher ground there will be a problem. A goat will ram you with it's head, or push against you, they are strong ...
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almost 4 years ago
Question How fast can a snakebite kill?
I have been looking around and I see some claims of 15 to 30 minutes. Googling 'snake bite fastest time to death' brings back many different answers. In one place I see Black Mamba with 30 minutes and in another it takes hours. For the sake of this question, assume time to death is when antidote...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: What to consider when shopping for prescription sunglasses?
There are some great answers here that helped me make my decision. Making the final decision becomes personal choice. There are several options, with some more heavily weighted to certain needs. Can or do you wear contacts lenses? Consider using non-prescription sunglasses with your prescriptio...
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almost 4 years ago
Answer A: What are the downsides of baiting game while hunting?
I grew up in Washington State (Western US) where baiting was not only unpopular it is illegal. Depending on the animal and the area baiting may or may not be illegal to some extent Example; Waterfowl Hunting and Baiting, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service I currently live in a part of the US where it i...
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almost 4 years ago
Question What is the smallest island that will support one person indefinitely?
In the movie Cast Away with Tom Hanks the character survives 4 years on a small island. But that was a movie. It is a common cartoon image to see a single person on small island with one coconut tree, this seems unlikely to be survivable. In real life José Salvador Alvarenga survived 14 months adr...
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about 4 years ago
Question What should an outdoors traveler know about the biodegradability of plastic?
I was wonder how long it takes plastic to biodegrade and if there is anything a person can or should do to facilitate the process for plastics in the outdoors. I know that optimally "Carry in, Carry Out" and "Leave no trace" mean you should not see any plastic in the outdoors that gets left behind. ...
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: When to know it's worth to start with agriculture?
Assuming it is not an end of the world scenario, the answer is never start agriculture. If you are not on an island; A traveling hunter/gather in a location that will support agriculture is going to be able to travel to civilization faster then any crop would come in. If the location will not su...
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: How to stash firewood without it getting wet?
First realize that firewood has two qualities when it relates to moisture. Green/Seasoned Wet/Dry When a tree is cut down the wood is green. Over time the wood seasons, natural moisture in it evaporates. Depending on the type of wood, it takes 6 to 12 months to become seasoned. Green wood wil...
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: Slingshot resources
On the surface this seems like a rather simple question, But imagine if the question was "What should I look for in hunting gun?" Essentially the same question, just a different weapon. I found an article Now: Super Accurate Slingshot(Popular Mechanics Jan 1984) that talks about state of the art 3...
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: How to effectively dry/clean the inside of water bladders?
When I need to wash a drinking water bottle, canteen, bladder, etc. I fill it part way with warm water, and add table salt. This particularly effective for areas that have growth or contaminates and can not be effectively scrubbed. Add lots of salt, to the point of saturation (when shaken salt sti...
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: Any tips to prevent theft while tent camping alone in a caravan park?
Camping is an outdoor sport, with many opportunities for unexpected events. Don't bring anything that can't be exposed to the weather, and don't bring anything that will cause you emotional hardship if it does not return home with you. I have been camping for years, and have never lost anything t...
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: Is it possible to buy gas cartridges on a Sunday in Reykjavik?
I Googled and found there is a least one store (top return) that is open daily from 9AM to 5PM. It also offers 24/7 pickup and drop off of rental supplies. So yes you can get gas cartridges on a Sunday in Reykjavik. Their address is as follows: Barónsstígur 5 101 Reykjavik - Iceland...
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about 4 years ago
Question How can I tell if a wild animal has rabies?
If I am in the wild and encounter an animal that I think might be rabid, how can I tell if it has rabies? An animal that has been running hard, or any number of other things could cause it to be foaming at the mouth, but not neccissarily have rabies. Foaming at the mouth is the symptom I most often ...
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: Canoeing in a thunderstorm
Your chances of getting hit by lightning while on the water are actually higher then if you are on the beach. (unless you are fishing) Fishing contributed to almost half - 46% - of the water-related deaths involving lightning strikes; while boating (power boats, canoes, sailboats, tubes) added an...
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: What to wear to walk to showers: clothes or towel?
I wear my swimming trunks to the shower. My wife wears a pull over sun dress (light weight, thigh length). We wear our shower shoes, we carry our towels and shower supplies. We usually just take soap and shampoo. The soap is in a small plastic container. We wear the same clothing both ways. Dres...
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about 4 years ago
Question What to consider when shopping for prescription sunglasses?
I wear bifocal, multi-focus prescription eye glasses. The top is for long range, and the bottoms allow me to tilt my head a bit to bring nearby objects into focus. Finding sunglasses that clip-on, or fit over my prescription glasses is difficult, there are usually no or only a limited selection. ...
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about 4 years ago
Question Optimal timing/routing for a year visiting US national parks?
There are 59 National parks in the US. Of which 49 are in the Continental US (lower 48). There are 52 weeks in a year. I would like to take a year and spend about a week camping and exploring each of the 49 National parks in the lower 48. I am camping with a travel trailer, It is important that ca...
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: Quick release knot for attaching kit
The bowline knot form a fixed loop at the end of a rope. It has the virtues of being both easy to tie and untie; most notably, it is easy to untie after being subjected to a load. See How do I tie a bowline knot?
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: Marked trail off the Beartooth Highway to a peak
You don't need a trail. At the top of the bear tooth hwy you are above the tree line. You can stop along the hwy and see for miles. When you get to Top of the World there are some trees, but not far from there you can see forever. I took this way into the park, the views are extraordinary.
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: How to tow a canoe with a bicycle?
What if you want to tow your canoe with a recumbent tricycle? Well I have worked out a solution for that. After much thought and a posting the question Towing with a Recumbent Trike, Tadpole or Delta? I purchased a used Delta Trike (Sun EZ-3 SX). I used the same dolly as I used for the bicycle s...
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about 4 years ago
Question Can you pre-identify the risk of severe Altitude sickness?
This BBC news article Mount Everest: Altitude sickness claims third death in four days caught my attention. From what I understand the best cure for Altitude sickness is to get lower, fast. This is not always possible. Is there some kind of test you can do before going up a mountain to asses your...
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about 4 years ago
Question Is it safe to fire 38 caliber rounds in a 357 magnum pistol?
I have a .357 revolver. The rounds have a significant amount of kick. When I go out target shooting the kick makes it unpleasant to shoot before I have gone through a full box of ammunition. Someone told me you can fire 38 caliber rounds in a 357, but I am not sure that is a good idea. Is it safe...
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about 4 years ago
Question What is the difference between a rifle and a shotgun?
This is one of those things, that seems like it has just always been in my knowledge. A recent comment about rifles on a question about shotguns got me thinking, it really is not all that simple. They make slugs that you can fire in a shotgun, and they make shot you can fire in a rifle. If they ca...
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: Paper bin waste suitable to stop an arrow?
A paper bin is going to make a fairly small stopping area. Hopefully there is something more substantial (like a wall) behind the target that will stop the arrow if you happen to miss the target entirely. A couple of bales of hay make a larger area, small bales are relatively inexpensive and reli...
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about 4 years ago
Question What material are the shells I just purchased made of?
I purchased a box of shotgun shells in the United States. On the box it says they are for pheasant. But it does not say if the shot is lead, steel or some other nontoxic material. We know from the question I have an older shotgun designed for lead shot, can I use steel shot? that the type of shot is ...
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: World's largest 3D archery course?
It is/was probably at the 2014 National NASP Tournament – a certified Guinness World Book record – for the world’s largest archery tournament. Held in Louisville’s Exposition Center, 10,800 student-archers from grades 4 through 12 representing 39 states, including Alaska, ...
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about 4 years ago
Question What is "Dry Camping"?
I heard the phrase "Dry Camping" while watching an American RV show. What does it mean? Are there similar but different terms for the same thing in other parts of the world?
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: Good and easy way to create a paper tuning jig
Cardboard box with a hole in it. Tape the paper over the hole. If your range has a place to mount the cardboard, you only need a single side of the box. If not take the whole box and cut entrance AND exit holes in it. Optimally the arrow should pass all the way through the paper without touching a...
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about 4 years ago
Answer A: Hunting bears with a knife?
Unless you sever the spinal column near the top of the body there is no body injury that can be done with a knife that is going to result in instant death/disablement of any animal. Any injury that does not completely disable the animals neurological system is going to be dependent on the animal bl...
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over 4 years ago
Question How dependable is a cheap compass?
I was reading the BBC news today and there was an ad for an inexpensive "5 in 1 Outdoor Survival Gear Escape Paracord Bracelet Flint / Whistle / Compass / Scraper" I clicked on the link and saw this photo, four compasses sitting side by side. Two of them agree, the other two disagree significantly...
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over 4 years ago
Question Can a 'Flameless ration heater' be used to safely start a fire?
It appears that you can accidentally & unsafely have an unsafe occurrence with a 'Flameless ration heater'. The United States Department of Transportation (DOT) Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) conducted testing and released a report which in summary states "... the release of hydrogen g...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: How do you avoid Norovirus on the AT?
Acquire it 6 months or less before your trip on the AT. There is some controversy but it seems you can probably count on immunity from an exposure to last 6+ months. Some of the best places to acquirer Norovirus (that are easily accessible) are daycare centers and nursing homes. Volunteering at ...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: What should I do about large trash left by others on USFS land?
If the item is small enough to move, but too large to easily carry out. Organize the junk so that it is stacked as inoffensively as practical, but remains easily accessible. Don't hide it or drop it into a ravine, you want to make it easier to remove not harder. Contact the landowner or manager. T...
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over 4 years ago
Question Can I use a blue plastic tarp to float my vehicle across water?
For those unaware, the US army has been using canvas tarps to float jeeps across water for decades. Video http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675028751US-4th-Engineers-troops-with-Bantam-Jeeptarpaulinriver Canvas tarps are stronger than the blue plastic tarps you purchase for most uses today. Ca...
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over 4 years ago
Question Can you boil water on top of Everest?
We recently had the question Can you get burned by boiling water on everest? and not to long ago the question Why aren't there any electric stoves that can be used for cooking where you can't build a fire? The first teaches us, the higher you go the lower the temperature at which water boils...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: Will Black Bears actually follow you up a tree
A few years ago I was walking in the woods in western Washington state (USA) the forest was Douglas fir, with undergrowth ranging between 2 and 10 feet high (1 - 3 meters). There was no trail. I was trying to be quite as I was hunting squirrels with a 22 rifle. The area I was in had brush about knee...
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over 4 years ago
Question Is the ACE 1 Ultra-Clean Biomass Cookstove too good to be true?
I was looking for a loan on Kiva and found this loan in Lesotho (Africa) The product people are borrowing money for is the ACE 1 Ultra-Clean Biomass Cookstove which sounds fantastic. It is designed for use in very rural areas, it is a high efficiency stove that burns any biomass (wood, dung, corncobs...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: Things to consider when approaching deer
You should consider that an angry or surprised deer can decide to attack. Deer kill people, excluding the 120 to 200 or so by auto accident in the US, deer also kill by attacking. reference1 reference2 I was not able to find accurate numbers but in the US count seems to be less then 52 per year, pro...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: How can I tell if a plant is poisonous?
Yes and No... The no is addressed in the answers at How can I identify edible berries/fruit from poisonous? Yes, two options. Modern Science method; Take the suspect plant to a lab for testing. Wait for the results, pay the bill, knowledge acquired in 3 easy steps. Redneck method; Eat a large p...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: Is there any evidence, one way or the other, that "Adopt a Highway" programs reduce littering?
This question spawned a lot of comments, there are some interesting thoughts there. The premise of the question "Is there evidence that "Adopt a Highway" programs reduce litter?" caught my attention. So I went looking for the answer. Three things impact littering Personal choice Education Lac...
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over 4 years ago
Question What Navigation Aids can I make on an island with only a knife?
In a recent discussion about navigating from a deserted island, it was suggested that if I have a knife and natural resources I could create my own navigation aids. In this instance I was planning to sail from the island with a compass that I happened to have been stranded with. If I didn't have a...
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over 4 years ago
Question How unpleasant is Hypothermia?
There are a lot of ways to die in the great outdoors. Prevailing answers at What are some mortal dangers in temperate woods? suggest that Hypothermia is near the top of the list. I have been really cold a few times. It seems to me that getting warm again was more painful then the getting cold. Hy...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: What are the easiest methods to carry a backpack when cycling?
Tow it... While you might want to pick a different trailer than I use, you can tow a lot of stuff behind a bicycle. I usually carry; A gallon of water Cooler with drinks and lunch Life jacket Two oars 10 pound anchor Change of clothes (and towel in drybag) Laptop and MiFi if I am on call Rain Coa...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: Bouldering beside the freeway
This answer is specific to the US interstate highway system The vast majority of this system is closed to pedestrian (and bicycle) traffic. These are dangerous roads to be on; on average 600+ pedestrians die each year on them While there are many place (namely the state of Oregon) where walking on ...
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over 4 years ago
Question How to make a fish hook?
I am in a survival situation and need to make a supply of fish hooks. What are my best options. I have a knife and in my travels I have noticed much native vegetation as well as a couple of animal skeletons.
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: Does it feel colder than before if you warm yourselves up and go out in the cold again?
I think part of what is missing in your question and the answer by flawr is core body temperature. When you first get cold your body automatically shunts blood away from the surface of your skin to decrease heat loss. As you get colder your core body temperature falls (you could think of it like t...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: Blizzard Chaser: What to take on a 5-hour Blizzard Hike?
There are many good answers here, there are also several warnings about the advisability of your journey. One of the more important things to take (that seems to have been overlooked) is your ID, drivers license, dog tags (if you were in the military). As a consideration for others it is important ...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: What coat should I wear when camping that won't be damaged through melting by embers from a fire?
A purely synthetic outer layer of Nomex is a good choice. People fighting wild-land fires generally wear Nomex It it works in the middle of a forest fire, you will probably be happy with it at the campfire.
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over 4 years ago
Question What is the safest and most effective additive to keep drinking water from freezing?
I know that the antifreeze used in fresh water RV tanks is non-toxic and can protect to -50F. Thinking Sugar might be a good choice I posted the question How to calculate how much sugar to use as antifreeze in drinking water? from the answer it looks like you don't get much real benefit for reasonab...
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over 4 years ago
Question How to calculate how much sugar to use as antifreeze in drinking water?
Sea water does not freeze until about −2 °C (28 °F) if you add more salt you can lower the freeze point to -21°C. We know from How much sea water can I safely drink? that drinking salt water is not good. But adding any substance to water that will form a solute will lower th...
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over 4 years ago
Question What is the most effective means of melting snow with body heat for drinking?
The related question Is it safe to drink snow? tells us that in addtion to then normal considerations for any wild water source, you also need to consider how the snow may tip your metabolism into hypothermia If it is cold and you are traveling and/or without a heat source, what is the best way to m...
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over 4 years ago
Question How to get rid of RV awning/canopy stink?
I have a camper (tow behind RV) with an awning. Every time I unroll the awning/canopy it stinks. I have scrubbed it with soapy water, and left it open to air dry several time. But it always get wet and smelly again (presumably related). The material looks like a vinyl. Keeping it dry and/or open ...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: How to walk on wet, slightly rotten wood?
The special tread for walking on slippery wood is called caulk boots or cork boots. They have spikes that give good traction on wet wood.
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over 4 years ago
Question When is the best time of year to find the North Pole?
The Geographic North Pole or Terrestrial North Pole, is defined as the point in the Northern Hemisphere where the Earth's axis of rotation meets its surface. source There were several attempts to reach the North pole prior to the 1940's. A review of Wikipedia's article on Exploration of the Nor...
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over 4 years ago
Question How much distance is there between True North and Magnetic North Poles?
This question is not as simple as it seems, and a few minutes of googling did not drop the answer in my lap. A comment at I never adjust for true north. Is this bad practice? suggesting that: True north and magnetic north are basically the same thing started me on a search for a quality answe...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: I never adjust for true north. Is this bad practice?
Not discounting the existing answers which provide great perspectives. You don't really care where the North Pole is. It is not like there is only one or two, nor is like anything is stable. There are half a dozen north poles and most of them move around regularly and they move a lot (10s and 100s ...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: Creating a bone colored feather dye
Feathers take dye well. Some references suggest that kool-aid can be used. You can use an off the shelf fabric dye. If you want to go natural you could use turkey droppings, and thin to get a consistency that gives the desired color. Regardless of which type of dye you use it will take trial and ...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: Possible to transform (at least two) smartphones into walkie-talkie like devices?
As other answers point out, their are issues with using your cell phone as a walkie-talkie. The answer as they point out is you, can but it really does not meet the need. Your need/desire is to communicate with cell phones when "you are too far from civilization". Depending on what country you are ...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: Is killing fish with iced water really humane?
You can kill tropical fish by freezing them, or even just letting them cool down. From the outdoors perspective, most game and eatable fish are not tropical. There is a post on a sister site Fish “coming back to life” after being frozen and there are many google finds about frozen fis...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: Walking technique to deal with muddy, slippery underground?
There is an existing answer about walking technique, this answer focuses on a "piece of equipment" to do the job. Unless your mud is different than the mud I am used to walking in, the reason your boots slip is the traction surfaces fill with mud, and thin layer builds up across the bottom of the bo...
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over 4 years ago
Question How many miles of hiking trails are there in the United States?
Wikipedia has a list of Long-distance trails in the United States I exported the table to excel and found there more than 150 trails listed, totaling more than 74,000 miles. Another resource with a list of State by State Trails claims more than 1,100 trails in its system. How many miles of trail...
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: How much sea water can I safely drink?
How much sea water can I safely drink? = None If you drink sea water, how much fresh water do you need to drink to off set the sea water you drank? = 2.8 units of distilled water per 1 unit of sea water (to neutralize without adding hydration) The "scientific" answer to this question involves a lo...
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over 4 years ago
Question How much sea water can I safely drink?
Anyone who has played in the ocean knows getting a little sea water in your mouth and swallowing it will not kill you. Seawater contains salt. When humans drink seawater, their cells are thus taking in water and salt. While humans can safely ingest small amounts of salt, the salt content in sea...
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over 4 years ago
Question Are there any contaminates that become more toxic when boiled?
The answers at How long does water need to be boiled for to kill all bacteria / viruses? indicates that boiling water kills bacteria & viruses. But boiling does not remove any chemical contaminates that might be present. Neurotoxins are not "alive" so they can't be killed, though some like botul...
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over 4 years ago
Question Is a recurve bow more accurate than a long bow?
I realize that recurve bows are the "next generation" after the long bow, delivering more power for length, is there an inherent accuracy improvement with the recurve or is it just power to length?
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over 4 years ago
Question I have an older shotgun designed for lead shot, can I use steel shot?
I have an older shotgun designed for lead shot, by law I can only fire steel shot. Can I fire steel shot, or do I need get a new shotgun? If I can use steel shot, what additional maintenance is required?
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over 4 years ago
Answer A: Keeping Single Item Cold While Backpacking For 2 Days
The type of medication being transported can impact the answer to this question. But for Insulin a really good choice is FRIO cooling case it use evaporation to keep the contents cool. It needs to be someplace it can breath so in the center of your back pack is not a good choice, but an outside pock...
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over 4 years ago
Question Where in the world are train-track right of ways, also public right of ways?
A recent question Walking through an active railway tunnel during a long distance walk brought up the topic of pedestrian access on train-track right of ways. In many areas of the world train tracks are private property (belonging to the railroad) and traveling on the tracks without being on a train...
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almost 5 years ago
Answer A: Outrigger and/or leeboard when sailing a canoe?
I have not actually had a sailing canoe in the water, but I have looked at a bunch of pictures and videos. Almost every leeboard you see on a canoe is hinged so it will raise up when there is an obstruction. When the canoe gets up any speed then the water becomes an obstruction, this video is for ...
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almost 5 years ago
Answer A: Walking through an active railway tunnel during a long distance walk
In most parts of the world going through a working train tunnel on foot is illegal, in all parts of the world it verges on suicidal. I can imagine there are places in the world where, there are no other reasonable options. In this case, in addition to common sense items required for walking in a da...
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almost 5 years ago
Answer A: What kind of leaf should I NOT use for tissue or toilet paper?
Urtica dioica (Stinging Nettle) while it grows over much of the world, It grows in abundance in the Pacific Northwest, especially in places where annual rainfall is high. Found in large patches where much of the vegetation is evergreen and resembling a mint plant. A couple of hand fulls may easily b...
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almost 5 years ago
Question What kind of leaf should I NOT use for tissue or toilet paper?
Yesterday I was out in the woods and had a runny nose. When I wanted to blow my nose I looked for maple leaves, because I knew what they were. Not sure if the list of bad choices is small enough for single answer, but if it is. What kind of leaf should I NOT use for tissue or toilet paper?
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almost 5 years ago
Answer A: Rock climbing over edge - What can I put under the rope to protect it?
Use a piece of Scrap carpet or throw rug on the rock edge to protect the rope.
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almost 5 years ago
Answer A: Are any natural insect repellents effective against fleas?
This answer focuses on management not repelling, fleas have a complex life cycle, If you repel 99 of 100 fleas, that one is going to be living on you with it's family. The internet has LOTS of yes answers to this question, random example. most are focused on animals because, well... I don't know wh...
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almost 5 years ago
Answer A: Hiking trails in Pennsylvania
You don't say what part of Pennsylvania you are in, The Great Allegheny Passage offers the option to walk or bicycle from Pittsburgh to Washington DC. It is mostly rail to trail, and relatively flat. On the Eastern side of Pennsylvania is 200+ miles of the Appalachian Trail I have not traveled it so...
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almost 5 years ago
Answer A: How to humanely kill an injured rabbit?
If you don't already have the tools, skills and knowledge to complete the task of quickly dispatching a wild animal, then you should not attempt it. As mentioned in some of the existing answers, it may be against the law and it is a task that can easily go wrong. Not mentioned in any of the exist...
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almost 5 years ago
Question How do I calculate how much lift an outrigger needs?
I have been thinking of putting a sail on my canoe with will probably require the use of an outrigger. (related: Outrigger and/or leeboard when sailing a canoe?) I was thinking about using a section of PVC pipe as an outrigger, this reference indicates a 4 inch pipe will hold 0.653 gallons of water ...
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almost 5 years ago
Answer A: How do you tie your shoes one handed?
I realize this is not the answer you are looking for, but it deserves to be mentioned. As @amphibient mentions in a comment. People with long term medical issues that make tying shoes difficult, generally use shoes with Velcro straps or shoes that slip on without laces or ties. Alternatively, f...
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almost 5 years ago
Question Outrigger and/or leeboard when sailing a canoe?
I have been considering adding a sail to my open 17 foot Coleman canoe. Browsing images on the internet show pretty much every imaginable configuration but they all share 3 or 4 combinations of outrigger and/or leeboard. Neither, typically seen with small sails and or low budget rigs going down wi...
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almost 5 years ago
Answer A: Transporting Large Amounts of Fish
When I was younger, we would use a plastic garbage bag and put in the depression for your feet in the back seat. This was back in the days of rear wheel drive and drive tunnels going down the center of the car so the depression would easily hold 5 or 10 pounds of ice and 24 cans of cool beverages. T...
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almost 5 years ago
Answer A: How many bike paths parallel the Ohio River?
Using Google Maps, with Bicycling as the transportation mode (August 2015). I was able to identify about 111 miles of dedicated bike paths and a few bike friendly roads that fairly closely parallel the Ohio River. Local area paths that have less than about 2 miles and not connecting to bike friendly...
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almost 5 years ago
Question How many bike paths parallel the Ohio River?
I have a bike and canoe combination that I have been using to explore rivers in my area that have public access between the river and the bike path. I tow the canoe up the bike path and paddle back down the river. The Ohio River is 981 miles stretching from Pittsburgh Pa to Cairo In. Before plann...
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almost 5 years ago
Answer A: Considerations for older campers?
If your parents gear worked for them 10 or 15 years ago. If the gear has not seen significant wear in storage. If your parents have remained in nearly the same physical condition (or better) as 10 years ago. The only thing they need to do is load their gear in the car and go. Seriously, it work...
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almost 5 years ago
Answer A: How to tow a canoe with a bicycle?
This answer is based on a 17-foot plastic Coleman canoe with an aluminium frame. The length and the plastic increase the challenges. I have over 100 miles experience now, with legs of 14 to 15 miles. After much online research I purchased a Seattle Sports All Terrain Canoe Center Cart; there is an ...
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almost 5 years ago
Question How to tow a canoe with a bicycle?
There are a few pictures on the internet of people towing canoes with bicycles, there are even complete solutions that you can purchase for the task. But what is really involved, what are the challenges and the solutions? Related How to carry a bicycle in a canoe?
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almost 5 years ago
Answer A: How to carry a bicycle in a canoe?
Thank you to nhinkle who posted the answer that showed it is possible to put a bike in an canoe. I have something over 100 miles of canoeing with a bike and a dolly in my canoe now. I started with the bike and the dolly laying in the bottom of the canoe. But it took up lots of floor space and every...
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almost 5 years ago
Question How to repair a plastic canoe?
I have an older plastic Coleman canoe. It gets a lot of abuse I have noticed some weak spots that may be a problem in the future. I looked around online and seems that they are made of High-density polyethylene (HDPE) one of the first things I found was this welding video which seems like a pretty s...
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almost 5 years ago
Question What is the best way to store paddles?
I have wood canoe paddles, currently after being out in the water, I bring them in the house and lean them against the wall in the corner. They actually look pretty nice and kind of add to the home decor, so I was thinking about making some kind of a rack to hang them on the wall. Duel function, eas...
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about 5 years ago
Question What is the longest stretch of bike trail that parallels a navigable river in the US?
I have begun adventuring where I drive to a boat launch on a river near a bike trail, put the canoe on a trailer, and tow the canoe up the trail with the bike. At another boat launch I put the canoe in the river and the bike in the canoe, and paddle back down to my vehicle. I find that I make about...
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about 5 years ago
Question What are the navigation considerations on the Youghiogheny, Casselman & Potomac Rivers between Ohiopyle (PA) and Cumberland, MD
I want to travel by canoe from Ohiopyle State Park to Cumberland, MD on the Youghiogheny, Casselman and Potomac Rivers What are the navigation considerations? Also I will have a bike and trailer for the canoe, will be interested in bike trails paralleling or intersecting the river. Locks and Dams...
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over 5 years ago
Answer A: What are the navigation considerations on the Monongahela and Youghiogheny Rivers between Ohiopyle State Park (PA) and Pittsburgh PA?
This answer is focused to a bike and canoe combination. This answer began as a an internet search, but I have completed all of the legs by bike and/or canoe. No Warranty on the information is implied here, it represents my findings at the time each piece was written. The bike trail is generally rail...
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over 5 years ago
Question What are the navigation considerations on the Monongahela and Youghiogheny Rivers between Ohiopyle State Park (PA) and Pittsburgh PA?
I want to travel by canoe from Ohiopyle State Park to Pittsburgh Pa on the Monongahela and Youghiogheny Rivers What are the navigation considerations? Also I will have a bike and trailer for the canoe, will be interested in bike trails paralleling or intersecting the river. Locks and Dams Campin...
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over 5 years ago
Question What are the navigation considerations on the Ohio River between Wheeling WV and Parkersburg WV?
I want to travel by canoe from Wheeling, West Virginia to Parkersburg, West Virginia on the Ohio river. What are the navigation considerations? Also I will have a bike and trailer for the canoe, will be interested in bike trails paralleling or intersecting the river. Locks and Dams Camping/acco...
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over 5 years ago
Answer A: What are the navigation considerations on the Ohio River between Pittsburgh PA.& Wheeling WV?
This answer is focused to a bike and canoe combination. Camping areas appear to be appropriate but I have not contacted or visited them. It is the result of several hours searching the internet, I have not been to any of these locations in person. No warranty is made about the accuracy of the infor...
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over 5 years ago
Question What are the navigation considerations on the Ohio River between Pittsburgh PA.& Wheeling WV?
I want to travel by canoe from Pittsburgh Pa to Wheeling, West Virginia on the Ohio river. What are the navigation considerations? Also I will have a bike and trailer for the canoe, will be interested in bike trails paralleling or intersecting the river. Locks and Dams Camping/accommodations La...
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over 5 years ago
Question Can I light a kerosene lamp with flint & steel or a magnifying glass?
I am planning a canoe trip, and will be bringing a kerosene lamp for light. As a backup fire lighting option I am planning on bringing flint & steel and possible a magnifying glass. Can either of these be used to light the wick on a kerosene lamp?
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over 5 years ago
Question What is the most effective means of paddling a canoe, against the current, under a bridge?
Today I was out in the canoe on Monongahela River I started out paddling up river, and there was a head wind. I noticed that when I got with in about 100 feet of a bridge the wind picked up. The current also seemed a bit stronger near the footing in the water. I was sitting in the back of a 17 foo...
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over 5 years ago
Question Is a Canoe Bike a viable mode of human powered amphibious transportation?
I came across several shots of the 'Canoe Bike' which seems to be a custom build by Jay Broemmel. There are several action shots of this vehicle on the internet. There are a couple of similar ones also, but this one looks like it might be functional. Image1 Image2 There are even images of it i...
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almost 6 years ago
Question What is involved in taking a canoe through a lock on a major US River?
Most of the locks on rivers in the United States are built for commercial traffic. like barges to navigate the river system. I know they exist and I have seen them on television, but that is all I know. Can and/or how does a person in a canoe navigate through locks on major rivers (like the Mississip...
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almost 6 years ago
Question How to carry a bicycle in a canoe?
I am contemplating a river journey from Pittsburgh to the Gulf of Mexico. 981 miles on the Ohio river and 2340 miles on the Mississippi River. The current plan calls for completing the journey in 1 or 2 week trips over several outings. Put the boat in the water at the mouth of the Ohio in Pittsburg...
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almost 6 years ago